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Israelis in Non-Israeli Universities
BGU Post-Zionist Sociologist Uri Ram teaches post-Zionism and 'colonialism' at the New School in NY


The New School University
Graduate Faculty
Dep. of Sociology & Dep. of Political Science
  Spring 2006

Course: Israeli Society and the Palestinians: Social and Political Perspectives
GPOL 6016
Instructor: Dr. Uri Ram
In this course we will study Israeli society and pay special attention to the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in shaping the Israeli social structure and political culture. Though Israel and the Palestine are constantly in the news, we will go beyond the common "current affairs" approach and discuss how these societies and their conflicts are analyzed from a variety of social-scientific perspectives, such as the
modernization paradigm, class analysis and globalization studies,
colonization and postcolonial approaches, and feminist theory. Through these prisms, we will deal with some of the
central questions pertaining to Israel and Palestine, such as the nature of nationalism and the role of religion, the structure of the regime and the question of citizenship, and the relations between ethnic groups. We will pay attention to developments and changes that have taken place since the pre-state era, through the state era (1948–67) and since the 1967 war.

Requirements: presentation in class of one article from the syllabus (10 % of grade); presentation in class of a selected book (30%); submission of written paper, of up to 20 pages (60%).  

[Syllabus version: January 20, 2006]. OR = Optional reading.

Class begins: January 23

Part I: Introductions                (January 23rd -- February 13th)

# 1. Introduction: Israel and Palestine: History 

Benny Morris. 1999. Righteous Victims: History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001. NY: Knopf.

Baruch Kimmerling and Joel S. Migdal. 2003. The Palestinian People : A History. Harvard UP.

Horowitz, Dan and Moshe Lissak. 1978. Origins of Israeli Polity. Chicago: Chicago UP.

Rashid Khalidi. 1997. Palestinian Identity. The Construction of Modern National Consciousness. NY: Columbia UP.

# 2. Introduction: Israel and Palestine: Sociology

Uri Ram. 1995. The Changing Agenda of Israeli Sociology: Theory, Ideology & Identity. NY: SUNY Press.

# 3. Introduction: Israel and Palestine: Politics              

Uri Ram. 2004. “The State of the Nation: Contemporary Challenges to Zionism in Israel". Pp. 305-321 in Israelis in Conflict: Hegemonies, Identities and Challengers. Edited by Adriana Kemp, Uri Ram, David Newman and Oren Yiftachel. Sussex Academic Press.

Uri Ram. 2006. "Post-Zionism: The First Decade". Israel Studies Forum, 20(2): 51-74.

Shafir, Gershon and Yoav Peled. 2002. Being Israeli: The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press. Esp. Chapter 4 – “The Frontier within: Palestinians as Third-Class Citizens”;

# 4. Introduction              
Continuation of the above

Part II: Debates          (February 27th -- April 17th)
Students' presentations start here
(Recess: March 20th-27th)

# 5. The Colonialism Debates
Uri Ram. 1993. "The Colonization Perspective in Israeli Sociology: Internal and External Comparisons." Journal of Historical Sociology, 6 (1): 327-350 (reprinted in The Israel/Palestine Question, editor Ilan Pappe. London: Routledge).

Edward Said. 1979. "Zionism from the Standpoint of Its Victims." Pp. 56-114 in idem The Question of Palestine. NY: Vintage Books.

Gershon Shafir. 1996. Pp. 227-244 "Zionism and Colonialism: A Comparative Perspective." In M.N. Barnett (ed.), Israel in Comparative Perspectives: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Ran Aaronsohn.  1996. "Settlement in Eretz Israel -- A Colonialist Enterprise? 'Critical' Scholarship and Historical Geography." Israel Studies, 1(2): 214-229.

Derek Penslar. 2001. "Zionism, Colonialism and Postcolonialism." The Journal of Israeli History, 20(2-3): 84-98. [OR]

# 6. The Historians Debates         
Uri Ram. 1998. "Post-Nationalist Pasts: The Case of Israel." Social Science History, 24 (4): 513-545.

Morris, Benny. 1994. "The New Historiography: Israel Confronts Its Past." Pp. 1-48 in idem 1948 and After: Israel and the Palestinians (Clarendon Press, Oxford). (Originally in Tikkun Nov-Dec. 1988).

Baruch Kimmerling. 1995. "Academic History Caught in the Cross Fire: The Case of
Israeli-Jewish Historiography.” History and Memory, 7 (4): 41-65.

Kimmerling, Baruch. 1992. "Sociology, Ideology and Nation Building: The Palestinians and Their Meaning in Israeli Sociology." American
Sociological Review. 57: 460-466

Shapira, Anita. 2004. "New Historiography and National Identity." Pp. 1-30 in Anita Shapira ed. Israeli Identity in Transition. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. [OR]

# 7. The Democracy Debates         
Sammy Smooha. 2002. "The Model of Ethnic Democracy: Israel as a Jewish and Democratic State." Nations and Nationalism, 8 (4): 475-504.

Oren Yiftachel. 1997. "Israeli Society and Jewish-Palestinian
Reconciliation: 'Ethnocracy'
and Its Territorial Contradictions." Middle East Journal, 51 (4): 505-519.

Gershon Shafir and Yoav Peled. 1998. “Citizenship and Stratification in an Ethnic Democracy.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 21(3), May:408-27

Sammy Smooha. 1997. “Ethnic Democracy: Israel as Archetype” Israel Studies 2 (2): 198-241 (Access in
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/israel_studies/toc/is2.2.html). [OR]

Ruth Gavison. 1999. "Jewish and Democratic? A Rejoinder to the 'Ethnic Democracy' Debate." Israel Studies, 4 (1): 44-72. (Access in
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/israel_studies/toc/is4.1.html). [OR]

Yoav Peled. 1992. "Ethnic Democracy and the Legal Construction of
Citizenship: Arab Citizens of the Jewish State," The American Political Science Review 86: (2): pp. 432-443. [OR]

# 8. The Debate on the Status and Identity of Palestinians in Israel     
As'ad Ghanem. 2000. "The Palestinian Minority in Israel: the 'Challenge' of the Jewish State and its Implications." Third World Quarterly, 21: 87-104.

Nadim Rouhana. 1997. Palestinian Citizens in an Ethnic Jewish State: Identities in Conflict. New Haven: Yale University Press: Chapter 7: 111-129 "The Nucleus: Collective Self-Identification Labels"; Chap 8: 130-150: "The Affective Axes: Sentimental Attachment and Belonging to the National System."

Ahmad Sa'di. 2004. "Representing National Identity in Conditions of Conflict." Pp. 101-122 in Adriana Kemp, David Newman, Uri Ram & Oren Yiftachel eds. Israelis in Conflict: Hegemonies, Identities and
Challenges. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.

Jamal Amal. 2004. "The Ambiguities of Minority Patriotism: Love for Home Versus State among Palestinian Citizens of Israel." Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 10: 433-471. [OR]

Rachel Feldhay Brenner. 2001. "The Search for Identity in Israeli Arab Fiction: Atallah Mansour, Emile Habiby, and Anton Shammas". Israel Studies 6(3). (Access:
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/israel_studies/toc/is6.3.html). [OR]

As'ad Ghanem & Sarah Ozacky-Lazar. 2003. "The Status of the Palestinians in Israel in an Era of Peace." Israel Affairs 9 (1-2): 263-289. (reprinted in Alexander Bligh ed. The Israeli Palestinians: An Arab Minority in the Jewish State pp. 263-289). [OR]

# 9. The Orientalism and Post-Colonialism Debates
Peterberg, Gabriel. 1996. "Domestic Orientalism: The Representation of 'Oriental' Jews in Zionist Israeli/Historiography." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 23 (2): 125-145.

Khazzoom, Aziza. 2003. “The Great Chain of Orientalism: Jewish Identity, Stigma Management, and Ethnic Exclusion in Israel.” American Sociological Review 68(4):481-510. [25201.pdf]

Pnina Motzafi-Haller. 2004. "Negotiating Difference in Israeli
Scholarship: Towards a New Feminist Discourse". Pp. 162-187 in Israelis in Conflict: Hegemonies, Identities and Challengers. Edited by A. Kemp, U. Ram, D. Newman & O. Yiftachel. Sussex Academic Press.

Shoat, Ella. 1988. "Mizrahim in Israel: Zionism from the standpoint of its Jewish Victims." Social Text 20/19.

Ella, Shohat. 2001. "Rupture and Return: The Shaping of a Mizrahi
Epistemology." Hagar: International  Social Science Review, 2 (1): 61-92.

Shalom Chetrit, Sami. 2000. " Mizrahi Politics in Israel: Between
Integration and Alternative." Journal of Palestine Studies 29 (4): 51-56. [OR].

Uri Ram. 2002. "Mizrahim or Mizrahiyut? Equality and Identity in Israel Critical Social Though." Israel Studies Forum, 17 (2): 114-130.[OR].

Almog, Oz. 2000. "Uri of Arabia" Pp. 185-208 in The Sabra: Creation of a New Jew. Berkeley: University of California Press. [OR].

# 10. The Capitalism and Globalization Debates
Uri Ram. 2000. "'The Promised Land of Business Opportunities': Liberal Post-Zionism in the Glocal Age." Pp. 217-240 in G. Shafir and Y. Peled eds. The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization. Boulder: Westview.

Uri Ram. 2004. "Glocommodification: How the Global Consumes the Local  -- McDonald's in Israel." Current Sociology, 52 (1): 11-33.

Rosenhek, Zeev. 2003. “Social Policy and Nation-Building: The Dynamics of the Israeli Welfare State.” Journal of Societal and Social Policy

Shafir, Gershon and Yoav Peled. 2000. "Peace and Profits: The
Globalization of Israeli Business and the Peace Process." Gershon Shafir and Yoav Peled eds. The New Israel: Peacemaking and Liberalization. Boulder: Westview. [OR]

# 11. The Occupation Debates



Part III: Dimensions         (April 24th -- May 15th)
The last class meetings would be dedicated to the deepening of aspects discussed already and to the exploration of aspects not discussed in the syllabus, such as the Intifada, gender, the “wall” (barrier), economic dependency, the diplomatic-strategic aspects, the peace process,
Palestinian politics, etc. etc. This part of the class would be based on "book review" presentations by students. These presentations would serve in turn as the launching pad for the written seminar papers that the students would submit as a final assignment.
Students are required to coordinate with the teacher until April 17th the book they would review, and to recommend a chapter from the book for the reading of the class.

For instance, a student who is interested in writing on the role of archeology in the Israeli-Palestine struggle over the territory, can review the book  Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and
Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society, by Nadia Abu El-Haj (University of Chicago 2002); or, a student who is interested in
Jewish-Mizrahi identity in Israel can review The Arab Jews: A Postcolonial Reading of Nationalism, Religion, And Ethnicity by Yehouda Shenhav (Stanford UP, 2006), etc.

Recent and new recommended sources


Abu El-Haj, Nadia. 2002. Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society. Chicago. University of Chicago Press.

Ankori, Gannit. 2006. Palestinian Art. Reaktion Books.

Beinin, Joel and Stein, Rebecca L. (eds.). 2006. The Struggle fore Sovereignty: Palestine and Israel 1933-2005. Stanford University Press.

Ben Porat, Guy. 2006. Global Liberalism, local Populism: Peace and Conflict in Israel/Palestine and in Northern Ireland.

Finkelstein, Norman, G. 2003. Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict. W.W. Norton.

Kanaaneh, Rhoda. 2002. Birthing the Nation. Strategies of Palestinian Women in Israel. University of California Press.

Khalidi, Rashid. 2006. Iron Cage: The Story of the Palestinian Struggle for Statehood. Beacon Press.

Lesch, Ann M. & Dan Tschirgi. 1998. Origins and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflicts. Westport Conn.: Greenwood Press [Overview for beginners plus documents]
Maoz, Zeev. 2006. Defending the Holy Land: A Critical Analysis of Israel’s Security and Foreign Policy. University of Michigan Press.

Pappe, Ilan. 2006. A History of Modern Palestine: One Land: Two Peoples. Cambridge University Press.

Ram, Uri. 2007. The Globalization of Israel: McWorld in Tel Aviv, Jihad in Jerusalem. New York: Routledge.

Schulz, Helena Lindblum. 1988. The Reconstruction of Palestinian
Nationalism: Between Revolution and Statehood. Manchester: Manchester UP.

Shenhav, Yehuda. 2006. The Arab Jews: A Postcolonial Reading of
Nationalism, Religion, And Ethnicity. Stanford UP, 2006.

Slyomovics, Susan. The Object of Memory: Arab and Jew Narrate the
Palestinian Village. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Suleiman, Yasir. 2004. War of Words: Language and Conflict in the Middle East. New York: Cambridge UP.

Yiftachel, Oren. 2006. Ethnocracy: Land and identity Politics in
Israel/Palestine. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Articles & Book chapters:
Bar-On, Mordechai. 2004. "New Historiography and National Identity". Pp. 1-29 in Anita Shapira ed. Israeli Identity in Transition. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Smooha, Sammy. 2004. "Arab-Jewish Relations in Israel: A deeply Divided Society". Pp. 31-67 in Anita Shapira ed. Israeli Identity in Transition. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.



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