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Tel Aviv University
[Faculty of Law,Tel Aviv University] Eyal Benvenisti who appeased the Palestinians in his article "The Right of Return Myth", is candidate for supreme court judge


MKs suggest 4 religious candidates for Supreme Court

Three right-wing members of Committee for Appointing Judges recommend four skullcap wearers; Supreme Court President Beinish expected to object to new list

Aviad Glickman Published:  06.23.09, 07:47 / Israel News  YNET


Three members of the Committee for Appointing Judges on Monday sent a letter to the committees' chairman, Justice Minister Yaakov Ne'eman, suggesting four additional candidates for the Supreme Court – all of whom are religious.


The three – Knesset Members David Rotem (Yisrael Beiteinu) and Uri Ariel (National Union) and Environment Protection Minister Gilad Erdan (Likud) – acted in accordance with the committee's code, which states that three members must sign a recommendation to make changes to the list of judges and suggest new candidates.


Political Dispute
Rightist MK: Left controls legal system / Aviad Glickman
Yisrael Beiteinu's David Rotem responds to criticism over his appointment to Committee for Appointing Judges, says legal system belongs to citizens 'of certain color, political affiliation' 
Full story
The four candidates suggested by the three committee members are: Moshe Drori and Noam Sohlberg of the Jerusalem District Court, Issaiyho Schneller of the Tel Aviv District Court, and Dov Frimer – a lawyer from the private sector who specializes in family law and international law.


A senior legal source told Ynet that these candidates are surprising and that Supreme Court President Dorit Beinish was likely not to accept most of the names on the new list.


According to the source, Justice Beinish will fight with all her might to thwart the appointment of most of the new candidates.


A new law adopted by the Knesset last year requires a majority of seven out of nine of the committee members for the appointment of a judge for the Supreme Court. Thus, all three of the judges who are members of the committee must vote in favor of the new list for the four religious candidates to be appointed, and the judges' candidates cannot be appointed without the support of Erdan, Ariel and Rotem.


Appointment of judges to be delayed

In order to reach a comprehensive deal which will satisfy all the committee members, Beinish and Ne'eman will have to reach an agreement with the three committee members and perhaps even appoint three judges, one of whom will be a candidate suggested by the MKs and the minister.


Following the new list of candidates, the appointment of judges for the Supreme Court will not take place in a week and a half as planned. According to the rules, following the release of the names of new candidates the committee must wait 21 days for any objections to the specific candidates. After examining the objections, the remaining candidates must undergo a hearing by the committee. 
The Supreme Court candidates whose names were already been released during the term of former Justice Minister Daniel Friedmann are District Court Judges Amiram Benyamini, Isaac Amit, Judith Tsur, Oded Mudrik, David Cheshin, Sefi Elon, Uzi Vogelman and Nir Hendel.


The candidates from the private sector whose names have already been released are Attorneys Assaf Posner and Samuel Jellinek, and from the candidates from the academic sector are Professors Meni Mautner, Shalom Lerner, Dafna Barak-Erez, Eyal Benvenisti, Ariel Porat and Miguel Deutch.



To learn more about Eyal Benvenisti please read this

Arab Peace Initiative or Arab Projective Illusion?


About once a month, it seems that it is necessary to write about the Arab Peace Initiative (See Zionism and the Arab Peace Initiative) The initiative is constructed like a statement of the oracle at Delphi or a projective test. The point of the exercise is precisely that everyone can see in it precisely what they want to see. Even the Arab states that agreed to the initiative would probably be unable to say what it means. Consider each phrase of the initiative, and you will see that it is capable of multiple interpretations, and is sometimes self-contradictory.

The Arab Peace Initiative was designed to sow confusion in the ranks of the enemy, and that is what it has done. The promise of "peace" is so tempting, and the conditions so vague, that they can, and do, invite support from every well meaning and not-so-well-meaning analyst and adviser. The transition to a new president in the United States seems to many to be the ideal time to push for United States adoption of the Arab Peace Initiative. Surprisingly, not only Arabs, but Israelis and Zionists have jumped on this bandwagon. The latest to push for Israeli acceptance of the Arab Peace Initiative is Eyal Benvenisti. His article is entitled The Right of Return Myth. Benvenisti, a most esteemed professor of international law, uses the most astute legal arguments to assure us that the Arabs could not possibly intend for the Palestinian refugees to return to Israel, since that would be contrary to international law and to the provisions of General Assembly Resolution 194 as he interprets them.

However, the truth is that in Resolution 194 there is no recognition of the refugees' right of return: Indeed, since the 1990s the Palestinians have been claiming that the resolution recognizes the right to return but their claim is baseless. On the contrary, the resolution denies the refugee's right to return to his home.

Moreover, the resolution set as a goal for the UN the solution of the problem of the refugees by means of resettling them in Arab countries. The formulation that was passed was amenable to convenient interpretation from Israel's perspective, because it left in its hands the judgment as to whether, when and how many refugees it would accept into its territory.
I am but a bear of little brain, and not a professor of international law, and could find none of these provisions in General Assembly Resolution 194. Clearly, Professor Benvinisti's superior exegesis must be based on his years of training.

Now it happens, that on almost the same day, Professor Benvenisti's call for acceptance of the Arab Peace Initiative was matched in the Arab world, by a call imploring US President-elect Barack Obama to adopt the Arab Peace Initiative. One of the major points made by this advocate is that American Jews (presumably alluding to M.J. Rosenberg) are already calling for support of the Arab Peace Initiative. This Arab peace advocate, George S. Hishmeh, writes in Gulf News, a moderate Arab publication from a moderate Arab state, to explain that Barack Obama should heed Palestinian Views. And why are Hishmeh and Gulf News so enthusiastic about the Arab Peace Initiative? According to Hishmeh and his Gulf Arab publishers, this is the reason:


Walter Russell Mead, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, puts it most succinctly in the forthcoming issue of Foreign Affairs. Under the headline, "Change they can believe in," Mead writes:...

"Most Palestinians who left their homes and villages to protect themselves and their families were never allowed to return, and much of their property was confiscated by the new Israeli government. It is not a crime for civilians to flee combat, and international law recognises the right of such people to return to their homes."

This is what Obama needs to know.
Not only the Palestinians or Gulf News, but Americans as well, are evidently mistaken about the intent of the Arab Peace Initiative. They all believe that it will allow Palestinian refugees to "return" to Israel en masse. They have not been enlightened by Professor Benvenisti. Now I ask you, who are are we going to believe, a smart Jewish professor, or some Palestinians and Arabs and Americans? Isn't it clear that Benvenisti knows better than the Arabs and the Americans what the Arabs intend in the Arab Peace Initiative?

What is the logic behind urging the United States Government to adopt an initiative that is intentionally vague, rather than sticking by its own much clearer program that was set forth in the Clinton Bridging Proposals? How can anyone seriously advocating support for a document or a policy when nobody knows what it means? Are the Arab states going to take it upon themselves to announce that Eyal Benvenisti will arbitrate all disputes about the meaning of Resolution 194?

Analysts like M.J. Rosenberg and Eyal Benvenisti were quick to note that "Peace" is the middle name of the Arab Peace Initiative. If so, what could be bad? They forgot that "Arab" is the first name of the Arab Peace Initiative. It says "Arab" right on the label. If it was called "Israeli peace initiative," and originated from the Israeli government rather than the Arab League, no serious analyst in their proper senses would think that the United States would adopt it as the basis for peace with no reservations. By urging Israelis and the United States government to adopt it, they are in fact calling on the United States to to abandon all pretense of neutrality and simply adopt Arab policy. More improbably, they expect Israel to simply cave in to a vague set of Arab demands just because it has the word "peace" in it.

There are, of course, a number of easy resolutions to the problem at hand. The United States and Israel can announce that they accept the Arab Peace Initiative, based on the Benvenisti interpretation of UN General Assembly Resolution 194, the Clinton Bridging proposals and the US and Israeli interpretations of UN Security Council 242. Or, more simply, someone can ask the Arab League to clarify, once and for all, what it means.

Ami Isseroff



In "Illegal Occupation: Framing the Occupied Palestinian Terrority", Orna Ben-Naftali, Aeyal M. Gross & Keren Michaeli base their argument on Eyal Benvenisti's "Law of Occupation" and "The International Law of Belligerent Occupation" http://www.israel-academia-monitor.com/print.php?advice_id=6347&type=large_advic&page_data%5Bid%5D=175&page_type=&cookie_lang=en&the_session_id=&BLUEWEBSESSIONSID=2cdb65600ac6a32d08c428cd61a91ce9 


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