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ACADEMIC FREEDOM IN ISRAEL IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

ENDNOTES:

[1] Stanley Fish, There's No Such Thing As Free Speech: And It's a Good Thing, Too, (Oxford University Press, 1993) 10

[2] Walter Metzger, Academic Freedom in the Age of the University, Columbia University Press, 1961, 97; Rosalind M. O. Pritchard, “Academic Freedom and Autonomy in the United Kingdom and Germany,” Minerva 36 (2, 1998), 101-124

[3] Metzger 1961, 115-6

[4] Fritz K. Ringer, The Decline of the German Mandarin: The German Academic Community, 1890-1933, 81-127; 162-180

[5] Michael Gruttner, “German Universities Under the Swastika,“ in, Universities Under Dictatorship, eds. John Connelly and Michael Gruttner, University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2005, 80

[6] Gruttner 2005, 82

[7] Gruttner 2005, 109

[8] Eric Barendt, Academic Freedom and the Law, (Oxford: Hart Publishing), 139

[9] Barendt, 140-1

[10] Klaus Kunzel, “The State and the Higher Education in the Federal Republic of Germany,” European Journal of Education, 17 (3, 1982), 243-257). 252, 254; Mitchel G. Ash, ed, German Universities Past and Future, “A Slow Farwell to Humboldt ?” Berghahn Book, 1997; Rosalind Pritchard, “Trends in Restructuring German Universities,” Comparative Education Review 50 (1, 2006), 90- 112

[11] Burton Clark, Sustaining Change in Universities: Continuities in Case Studies and Concepts (Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2004 ), Rosalind Pritchard, 2006 ; Bologna Process National Report for Germany 2004-5

[12] Mitchel G. Ash, ”The Humboldt Illusion?” The Wilson Quarterly, (Autumn, 2006 ), 45-47

[13] American Historical Review, 69, (April 1964)

[14] Winfried Brugger, “The Treatment of Hate Speech in German Constitutional Law,” German Law Journal 3 (12, 2002) & 4 (1, 2003) 1-44

[15] Quoted in Amnon Rubinstein, “Academic Freedom in Israel- Law, Practice and Critical Issues,” Eric Barendt, Academic Freedom, 126

[16] Roger Cohen, “Hitler Apologist Wins German Honor and a Storm Breaks Out,” New York Times June 21, 2000

[17] Walter Wright, “Peter Singer and the Lessons of the German Euthanasia Program,” Issues in Integrative Studies, 18 (2000), 27-43; Peter Singer, “On Being Silenced in Germany, New York Review of Books, August 15, 1991

[18] Susanne Urban, “Anti-Semitism in Germany Today: Its Roots and Tendencies,” Jewish Political Studies Review 16 (Fall 2004)

[19] Yves Pallade, “New German Anti-Semitism in Contemporary German Academia, “Jewish Political Studies Review, 21 (spring, 2009)

[20] Benjamin Weinthal, “Outrage over anti-Semitics German Iranian Program, “Jerusalem Post, August 9, 2012;

[21] Susan Urban, “Being Leftist and Anti-Semitic in Germany,” Post Holocaust and Anti-Semitism, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, 32, May 1, 2005 ; Yves Pallade, “New German anti-Semitism in Contemporary German Academia, “Jewish Political Studies Review, 21 (spring, 2009); Ludwig Watzal, “The Structure of Israel’s Occupation,” Middle East Watch, March 11, 2007 http://www.middleeastwatch.net/The-Structure-of-Israel-s.html

[22] EUMC, “Working Definition of anti-Semitism,” fra.europe.eu/fra/material/pub/AS/AS-WorkingDefintion-draft.pdf; Dina Porat, “The International Working Definition of Antisemitism and its Detractors,” http://israelcfr.com/documents/5-3/5-3-7-DinaPorat.pdf ; Andrei S. Markovits ,” “Twin Brothers: European Anti-Semitism and Anti-Americanism, “ Jewish Political Studies Review 6 (January 2006)

[23] Lesley Klaff, “Anti-Zionist Expressions in U.K. Campuses: Free Speech or Hate Speech,” Jewish Political Studies Review 22 (Fall, 2011), 99

[24] Yves Pallade “New Anti-Semitism in Contemporary German Academia,” Jewish Political Studies Review, 21 (Spring 2009)

[25] G. R. Evans, Calling Academia to Account: Rights and Responsibilities (London: Open University Press, 1999), 15

[26] Eric Barendt, Academic Freedom and the Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2010), 75

[27] Eric Barendt, “ Academic Freedom, 82

[28] Theodore Wesley Koch, “British Censorship and Enemy Publications, Library Journal April 1917, vol. 42

[29] “Response to Nazism in Britain, 1993-1939: Before War and Holocaust” English Historical Review 490 ( February 2006): 257-8

[30] Eric Barendt, 85

[31] Barendt, Academic Freedom, 87.

[34] Barendt, 90

[35] Barent 94

[36] Eric Barendt, 2010, 111

[37] Gary Eason, “Universities Annual Funding Reduced by 398 Million Pounds,” BBC News December 23, 2009

[38] Graeme Paton, “University Access Tsar: Institutions Must Set Tougher Admission Targets,” Daily Telegraph, September 6, 2012

[39] Gillian R. Evans, Calling Academics to Account,, 16-17; Eric Barendt , 2010, 83

[40] Eric Barendt, 287

[41] CAFAS Updates, January 10, 2007

[42] Barendt, 290

[43] The Times of London, March 26, 2009

[44] Terrance Karran, “Academic Freedom in Europe, “A Preliminary Comparative Analysis,” Higher Education Policy 20 (2007, 289-313; CAFAS Updates, October 8, 2007

[45] CAFE Updates, 59, July 14, 2008

Council for the Defense of British Universities, http://cdbu.org.uk/?page_id=81 Gordon Campbell, “Our Universities have Become Factories,” Telegraph, November 14, 2012; David Willets, “Education is a Great British Export Industry,” Telegraph, November 13, 2012

[46] Center for Social Cohesion, Radical Islam on UK Campuses. A Comprehensive List of Islamist Speakers at UK Universities, 2010 http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1292336866_1.pdf

[47] Center for Social Cohesion, Radical Islam on UK Campuses. A Comprehensive List of Islamist Speakers at UK Universities, 2010 http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1292336866_1.pdf

[48] John Thorn and Hanna Stuart, Islam on Campus. A Survey of UK Students Opinion, “The Center for Social Cohesion, 2008; James Sander, “Islamist Extremists Intimidating Women and Gays at UK Universities,” PinkPaper.com, October 29, 2010

[49] John Steel, “Freedom of Speech Raw as Talk on Islamic Extremists is Banned.” Daily Telegraph, March 15, 2007

[50] The Center for Social Cohesion, Radical Islam on Campus, 2010 http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1292336866_1.pdf

[51] John Thorne and Hanna Stuart, “Islam on Campus. A Survey of UK Students Opinion.” The Center for Social Cohesion, 2008 http://www.socialcohesion.co.uk/files/1231525079_2.pdf

[52] BBC News, September 16, 2005; “ A Critique of the CSC on Campus” Report, fosis.org.uk/doc…/31-fosis-critique-of-csc-Islam-on-campus-report

[53]Anthony Glees, “Universities: The Breeding Ground for Terror,“ Daily Telegraph, June 6, 2011; “Cargo Plane Bomb Plot The Unknown Enemies who Live Among Us.” Daily Telegraph, October 26, 2011

[55] Matthew Reisz, “Contravene or Intervene” Times Higher Education, January 6, 2011

[56] U.K. Universities Reluctant to Deal with Islamic Radicalisation on Campus,” Un-Dimhi, February 27, 2011; Contravene or Intervene Matthew Reisz, THE, January 6, 2011

[57] Dennis Hayes, “Reclaiming Free Speech in 2012,” The Free Society, January 26, 2012, http://www.thefreesociety.org/Columnists/Dennis-Hayes/reclaiming-free-speech-in-2012;

Matthew Reisz, “Contravene or Intervene” THE, January 6, 2011

[58] Matthew Reisz, “Contravene or Intervene” THE, January 6, 2011

[59] A Degree of Influence,

[60] Lesley Klaff, “Anti-Zionist Expressions in U.K. Campuses: Free Speech or Hate Speech,” Jewish Political Studies Review 22 (Fall, 2011), 87- 88; “Radical Islam on British Campuses,” 2010, 10 http://conservativehome.blogs.com/files/1292336866_1-1.pdf

[61] Melanie Newman and Nathan Jeffay, “UCU Action Threatens to Cause a Lasting Rift, “ Times Higher Education June 8, 2007

[62] Report of the All-Party Inquiry into anti-Semitism: Government Response http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/cm70/7059/7059.pdf p. 1

[63] Henri Stein, “London Declaration on Anti-Semitism Says Never Again to Durban’s II” European Jewish Press, February 17, 2009; “Brown Signs Declaration Against Anti-Semitism, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 25, 2009

[64] Anthony Julius, Trials of the Diaspora. A History of Anti-Semitism in England (Oxford University Press, 2010); Lesley Klaff, “Anti-Semitism on Campus: A New Look at Legal Intervention,” The Journal of the Study of Anti-Semitism, 2 (2, 2011), 303-322

[65] Hillary and Steven Rose, “The Choice is to Do Nothing or Try to Bring About Change,” Guardian, July 14, 2002

[66] David Newman, “Britain and the Academic Boycott of Israel.” Israel Foreign Affairs, 2 (2, 2008); Lee Kaplan, “Tel Aviv Philosophy Professor Anat Matar Promotes Draft Dodging from the IDF to aid Her Palestinian Arab Allies,” IsraCampus.org.il

http://www.isracampus.org.il/third%20level%20pages/Editorial%20-%20Lee%20Kaplan%20-%20Anat%20Matar.htm

[67] David Newman, “Britain and the Academic Boycott of Israel.” Israel Foreign Affairs, 2 (2, 2008); Mathew Taylor, “We Will Isolate Them,” The Guardian June 8, 2007

[68] David Newman, “Britain and the Academic Boycott of Israel.” Israel Foreign Affairs, 2 (2, 2008).

[69] Jessica Shepard, “Lecturers Vote to Boycott Israeli Universities, “May 27, 2009

[70] Jonny Paul, “Israel Boycott Again on Agenda in UK”, Jerusalem Post April 24, 2010; BRICUP welcomes votes at the UCO Congress,” htttp://groups.Yahoo.com/group/JustPeaceUK/message/3143

[71] David Hirsh, “The Tipping Point for UCU, Engage July 1, 2011

[72] Recommendation Concerning the Status of Higher-Education Research Personal UNESCO, November 11, 1997. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=13144&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

[73] Marcus Dysch, “Ignore Anti-Israeli Hotheads,” The Jewish Chronicle Online, November 3, 2011

[74] Walter P. Metzger, Academic Freedom in the Age of University (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969), 3, 25-30.

[75] Metzger 1969, 103

[76] Walter P. Metzger, “Origins of the Association, AAUP Bulletin, Summer 1965, 229-237; Daniel Pollitt and Jordan E. Kurland, “The AAUP First Year,” Academe, July-August 1998, 45-52.

[77] Mathew Finkin and Robert Post, For the Common Good: Principles of American Academic Freedom, Yale University Press (April 2009) 33; Metzger 1969, 126.

[78] Finkin and Post, 2009, 40

[79] Metzger 1969, 137-8

[80] Metzger 1969, 178-9

[81] Metzger 1969, 223-4

[82] Finkin and Post, 45-48; Appendix; AAUP, “Academic Freedom and National Security in a Time of Crisis,” Academe, Nov-Dec 2003.

[83] Finkin and Post, 47; Barendt, 2010, 173

[85] Education Law http://lawhighereducation.com/124-sweezy-v-new-hampshire.html; Hamilton and Hamilton 1996, 180-1; Barendt, 2010, 175

[86] http://lawhighereducation.com/81-keyishian-v-board-of-regents-of-the-university-of-the-state-of-new-york.html; Eric Barendt, 2010, 176-177 Hamilton and Hamilton, 1996, 181-182

[87] Lipset 1979, 67; Neil Hamilton and Neil W. Hamilton, Zealotry and Academic Freedoms (New Brunswick, Transaction Books, 1996, 33; Hollander, 1992, 153-154; McClosky 1958, 35.

[88] Neil, Hamilton and Neil W. Hamilton, Zealotry and Academic Freedom (Brunswick, N.J: Transaction Books, 1996), 49

[89] Herbert Marcuse, “Repressive Tolerance,” in Robert Paul Wolff, Barrington Moore, Herbert Marcuse, eds. A Critique of Pure Tolerance, Boston: Beacon Press, 1969, 95-137; Hamilton and Hamilton 1996, 51, 144.

[90] Hamilton and Hamilton 1996, 144, 241; William W. Van Alstyne, The Specific Theory of Academic Freedom and the General Issue of Civil Liberties.” College of William & Mary Law School, Scholarship Repository, 1972, 142 http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1801&context=facpubs

[91] Edward Shils, “Do We Still Need Academic Freedom? “American Scholar, Spring 1993, 187, 205; Noam Chomsky, “The Fu'nction of a University in at time of Crisis,” in Robert M. Hutchines and Mortimer J. Adler, The Great Issues Today, 59 1969, 242- 244.

[92] Hamilton and Hamilton 1996, 55-56. 241-244.

[93] Hamilton and Hamilton, 1996, 87-88, 141; William von Alstyne, “The Concept of Academic and Intellectual Freedom” in M. L. Pincoffs, eds. The Concept of Academic Freedoms (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971), 97-111.

[94] “Due Process for Leonard Jeffries?” New York Times, May 14, 1993

[95] Hamilton and Hamilton, 1996, xiii, 143

[96] Alan Charles Kors and Harvey S. Silverglade, The Shadow University: The Betrayal of Liberty on American Campuses (New York: Harper Collins, 1999) 6, 113-145, 339-375.

[98] Intellectual Diversity: A Time to Act 2005.

[101] William Powell, “Attack on American Free Enterprise System,” http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/personality/sources_document13.html

[102] Robert M. Berdahl, “The Privatization of the Public University,” A Lecture at the Erfurt University, Germany, May 23, 2000, cio.chance.berkeley.edu/chancellor/sp/privatization.htm

[103] Steven G. Olswang and Barbara A. Lee, “Faculty Freedoms and Institutional Accountability,” Washington: Association for the Study of Higher Education, 1984; Barbara A. Lee, “Post-Tenure Review Legal and Policy Issues,” Stetson University College of Law; 16th Annual Law & Higher Education Conference. Clearwater Beach, Florida, February 12-14, 1995, 2-3; Ralph S. Brown and Jordan E. Kurland, “Academic Tenure and Academic Freedom,“ Law and Contemporary Problems,53 (3) 1990, 342.

[104] Stastny v. Board of Trustees of Central Washington University, 647, p.2d 496 (Wash. App. 1982); Clark v. Holmes et.al, 474 F. 2d 928 (7th Circuit Court of Appeals, 1972) http://openjurist.org/474/f2d/928/clark-v-holmes; Steven G. Olswang and Barbara A. Lee, “Faculty Freedoms and Institutional Accountability,” (Washington: Association for the Study of Higher Education, 1984) 12, 504.

[105] Robert M. Berdhal, “The Privatization of the Public University,” A Lecture at the Erfurt University, Germany, May 23, 2000, cio.chance.berkeley.edu/chancellor/sp/privatization.htm

[106] Goldie Blumenstyk, “One Third of Colleges Are on a Financially Unsustainable Path Bain Study Finds” and “The Financial Sustainable University,” Chronicles of Higher Education, July 23, 2012

[107] Mary Burgan, “Superstars and Rookies of the Year: Faculty Hiring Practices in the Postmodern Age.” Center for Research in Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley 2005 http://cshe.berkeley.edu/publications/docs/ROP.Burgan.10.05.pdf ; Karen Kaplan, “Academia: The Changing Face of Tenure.” Nature 468, (2010), 123-125; “Scott Jaschik, “Teaching, Stress, Adjuncts “ Inside Higher Ed, October 24, 2012.

[108] Marc Bousquet, How the University Works, Higher Education in a Low Wage Nation (New York: New York University Press, 2008), 2;

John M. Elmore, “Institutionalized Attacks on Academic Freedoms.” Journal of Academic Freedoms, 1 (2010), 3

[109] Ellen Schrecker, The Lost Soul of Higher Education: Corporatization, the Assault on Academic Freedom and the end of the American University (New York: Free Press 2010, 12

[110] Judith M. Gappa and Ann Austin, “Rethinking Academic Traditions for the Twenty First Century, Journal of Academic Freedoms, 1 (2010); Barendt 2010, 180

[111] Judith M. Gappa and Ann Austin, “Rethinking Academic traditions for the Twenty First Century, Journal of Academic Freedoms, 1 (2010)

[112] “How Many Ward Churchills?” Washington: American Council of Trustees and Alumni, 2006, 1- 2; http://www.goacta.org/publications/downloads/ChurchillFinal.pdf

[113] Don Eron, Suzanne Hudson, Myron Hulen, “Report on the Termination of the Ward Churchill, Colorado Conference of the American Association of University Professors, Journal of Academic Freedoms,2, (2012).

[114] John M Elmore “Institutionalized Attacks on Academic Freedoms, Journal of Academic Freedoms, 1, 2010, 3 http://www.academicfreedomjournal.org/VolumeOne/Elmore.pdf; Schrecker, 2010, 123-153; Marc Bousquet, How the University Works, Higher Education in a Low Wage Nation (New York: New York University Press, 2008) 2

[115] Christopher Clausen, “The New Ivory Towers,” Wilson Quarterly, 30 (autumn 2006) 31-36

[116] Martin Trow, “Governance in the University of California: the Transformation of Politics into Administration, Higher Education Policy ,1998, 11, 201–215; “ Californians Redefine Academic Freedoms” Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2005 http://cshe.berkeley.edu/publications/docs/ROP.Trow.AcademicFreedom.3.05.pdf

[117] Scott Jaschik, “When the Professor is Controversial,” Inside Higher Ed, February 12, 2011; Ashley Thorne, “A Closer Look at the AAUP Statement on Controversial Professors” National Association of Scholars, February 18, 2011, http://www.nas.org/articles/A_Closer_Look_at_the_AAUPs_New_Statement_on_Controversial_Professors.

[118] A Crisis of Competence: The Corrupting Activism at the University of California (University of California Regents) 4, 5

[119] Robert C. Dickeson, Setting Academic Priorities. A Guide to What Boards of Trustees Can Do. ACTA Institute for Effective Governance - 2012, 2, 11 http://www.goacta.org/images/download/setting_academic_priorities.pdf

[120] Quoted in Richard L. Cravatts, The University’s Jihad Against Israel & Jews (Washington: Freedom Center, 2010) 99

[121] Norvell B. De Atkine, “Middle East Scholars Strike out in Washington,” Middle East Quarterly 1 (1994) 3-12 http://www.meforum.org/203/middle-east-scholars-strike-out-in-washington

[122] Stephen M. Walt, “Building Up the Bogeymen,” Foreign Policy, 106 (1997), 177-189; Paul R. Pillar, Terrorism and Foreign Policy (Washington, D.C Brooking Institution Press, 2001).

[123] AAUP, “Academic Freedom and National Security in a Time of Crisis, Academe, November-December 2003.

[124] Roberto J. Gonzales, “Lynne Cheney-Joe Lieberman Group Puts Out a Blacklist,” San Jose Mercury News, December 13, 2001

[125] “Academic Freedom and Tenure: Report I: University of South Florida,” Chronicle of Higher Education http://www.aaup.org/AAUP/programs/academicfreedom/investrep/2003/USFL.htm

[126] Joel Beinin, “The New American McCarthyism: Policing Thought about the Middle East.” Race & Class, July 2004.

[127] Scott Jaschik, “AAUP Calls off Boycott Conference,” Inside Higher Education, March 21, 2006

[128] Scott Sherman, “Target Ford,” Nation, May 18, 2012; Daniel Golden, “Colleges Object to New Wording in Ford Grants” Wall Street Journal, 2004; May 4, Elliot Jager, “No Ford in Israel’s Future,” Jewish Ideas Daily, June 16, 2011 http://www.jewishideasdaily.com/904/features/no-ford-in-israels-future/

[129] Scott Jaschik, “An anti-Israel Prof Loses Post at Bard, “ Inside Higher Education, February 19, 2009; Scott Jaschik, “Michigan Severs Ties to Publisher, “Inside Higher Education, June 18, 2008

[130] Martin Kramer, Ivory Towers on Sand, 126-128 http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/pubs/IvoryTowers.pdf

[131] Chanakya Sethi, “Debate Grows Over Khalidi Candidacy,” The Daily Princetonian. April 28, 2005; Scott Jaschik, “Input or Intrusion,” Inside Higher Ed, November 21, 2006

[132] Elisabeth Crawford, “Area Studies Programs Come under Fire at House Hearing,” Chronicles of Higher Education, June 20, 2003; Stanley Kurtz, “UCLA Tests Congress,” National Review Online, March 3, 2009

[133] Kenneth L. Marcus, “Academic Freedom and Political Indoctrination” (May 5, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1832862; Richard L. Cravatts, Genocidal Liberalism: The University’s Jihad Against Israel & Jews (Sherman Oaks: David Horowitz Freedom Center, 2012); Stanley Kurtz, “Title VI Reform at Last,” National Review Online, March 3, 2009

[134] Kenneth Marcus, 53, 49-50, 55-56; Gary A Tobin and Aryeh K Weinberg, Political Beliefs & Behavior of College Faculty, San Francisco: The Institute for Jewish & Community Research, 2006, 39- 50; 71-78

[135] http://www.muzzlewatch.com/wp-content/feb15-adhoccommittee.pdf; John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt The Israel Lobby and U.S Foreign Policy, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, (September 2, 2008) pp. 191-6

[136] Marcus 43-44, 77; Daniel Vahab, “New Think Tank Formed to Combat Anti-Semitism,” The Cutting Edge, March 20, 2012; http://brandeiscenter.com/index.php?/news/news_full/new_think_tank_formed_to_combat_campus_anti_semitism

[137] Kenneth L. Marcus, "The Wrong Statement on Campus Anti-Semitism," The Cutting Edge, April 22, 2011

[138] Naomi Zeveloff, “The Title VI Crusade Gains an Address,” Jewish Daily Forward, February 17, 2012; Richard D. Barton, “Protest Must Not Stray into Anti-Semitism,” San Francisco Chronicle, August 23, 2012

[139] Richard Barton and Alice Huffman, “University of California Jewish Student Campus Climate Fact-Finding Team Report & Recommendations,” July 9, 2012, http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/documents/campus_climate_jewish.pdf ; Seth Mandel,” Protect Free Speech for Jewish Students Too,” Commentary, October 2012

[140] Peter Schmitt, “Education Dep. Investigates UC-Santa Cruz,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 15, 2011

[141] JTA, “Most US College Campuses Report No Anti-Semitism, Jerusalem Post, October 23, 2012

[142] Brooke Goldstein and Gabriel Latner, Flotilla U., Commentary, December 2011

[143] Seth Mandel,” Protect Free Speech for Jewish Students Too,” Commentary, October 2012

[144] Cary Nelson, No University is an Island. Saving Academic Freedom (NYU Press, 2010) 109.

[145] Kenneth L. Marcus, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1832862; Scholars for Peace in the Middle East Legal Task Force Statement on Principles of Academic Freedom and the Freedom of Speech http://spme.net/cgi-bin/articles.cgi?ID=8339

[146] Paz 291

[147] Paz 289, 291

[148] Quoted in Michael Keren, Ben Gurion and the Intellectuals (DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1983), 26

[149] Uri Cohen 2006, 12- 13

[150] Uri Cohen 2006, 58 – 60

[151] Quoted in Cohen 2006, 61
Neve Gordon and Gabriel  Motzkin, “Between Universalism and Particularism. The Origins of the Philosophy Department of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Zionist Project.” Jewish Social Studies, 9 (Winter 2003),  99-122, 109

[152] Cohen 2006, 60, 106-7

[153] Quoted in Yair Paz, “The Hebrew University in Jerusalem as a Secular Temple,” Shaul Katz and Michael Heyd, The History of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem: Origins and Beginnings (Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, 2000, (281- 308; 328)

[154] Brodetsky, Memories: From Ghetto to Jerusalem, (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1960) 301

[155] Ami Volansky, Academy in a Changing Environment. Higher Education Policy of Israel, 1952-2004 (Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz HaMeuhad, 31-47; 74 (Hebrew); Uri Cohen 2006, 113

[156] Uri Cohen, The Mountain and the Hill: The Hebrew University in Jerusalem in the Preindependence Period and the Early Years of the State of Israel Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 160; Volansky 2005, 37-39

[157] Volansky, 2005, 40-47

[158] Volansky, 2005, 47-51

[159] Volansky, 2005, 94

[160] Volansky, 2005, 61-2

[161] Quoted in Volansky , 2005, 59, 61-2

[162] The Council of Higher Education website http://che.org.il/en/?p=1

[163] Volansky 64-65

[164] Volansky 2005, 76; Uri Cohen 2006, 227-8

[165] Alek Epstein, “For the sake of Freedom: The Public Struggle of the Jerusalemite Professoriate after the Creation of the State,” (Hebrew) Katedra 106, Dec 2002, 139-176; Uri Cohen, 2006, 230-232

[166] Volansky 2005, 90-91, 96, 109

[167] The Council of Higher Education http://che.org.il/en/?p=1; Ari Shavit, “Academia Nuts,” Haaretz, February 6, 2002

[168] Volansky 2005, 60

[169] Haim Gans, “Academic Freedom,” Iyunei Mishpat (May 1987), 442-445

[171] NLC 42/ 63-3 Rahoum v. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem 13 IsrLC 412, 418 (1982) http://www.nevo.co.il/psika_html/avoda/L-A-PADI-IB-1-412-L.htm

[172] Associated Press, Furor Raised as Israel Sets Top Honors For Hardest Critic,” Toledo Blade, January 23, 1993

[173] Christopher Hitchens, “Israel Shahak, 1933-1945,” Nation, July 23/30, 2003; Alan Dershowitz, “Shahak, Best Proof of Freedom of Speech,” Boston Globe, April 20, 1973 http://www.chomsky.info/letters/197304--.pdf

[174] Amnon Rubinstein, “The Shahak Affair,” Haaretz October 10, 1974

[175] Michael Rabin, Haaretz October 18, 1974; Arie Sachs Haaretz October 16, 1974 in Paul Bogdanor, “The Legacy of Israel Shahak,” IsraCampus http://www.isracampus.org.il/third%20level%20pages/Editorial%20-%20Paul%20Bogdanor%20-%20Israel%20Shahak.htm; Yedioth Aharonot January 7, 1975; Israel Shahak Archiv: Liga Tätigkeit - Hetzkampagne http://erhard-arendt.de/deutsch/palestina/Shahak/Liga-Taetigkeit-Hetzkampagne/index.html.

[177] Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi, The Secret Connection. Whom Israel Arms and Why, Pantheon 1987; “The Israel Connection,” New York Review of Books, November 19, 1987

[178] The Public Commission of Inquiry into the Structure of the Institutions of Higher Education Chaired by Supreme Court Justices (retired) Yaakov Maltz, Jerusalem, 2000 math.haifa.ac.il/yair/maltz-rep-heb.pdf , 11

[179] The Public Commission of Inquiry into the Structure of the Institutions of Higher Education Chaired by Supreme Court Justices (retired) Yaakov Maltz, Jerusalem, 2000 math.haifa.ac.il/yair/maltz-rep-heb.pdf, 11, 20

[180] Protest Against the Damage to Academic Freedoms of the Israeli Universities www.weizmann.ac.il/ISC/giluidaat11202.pdf

[181] The Position Paper of the Inter-Senate Committee of the Universities for the Protection of Academic Independence Concerning the Report of the Blue Ribbon “Public Committee for Examining the Organizational Structure of the Institutions of Higher Educations, chaired by Supreme Court (Ret.) Yaacov [sic] Maltz of March 20, 2002, 2, 4, 11

[182] Yair Censor, “The University is Not a Business,” Haaretz, December 12, 2002

[183] Itzhak Galnoor, “Academic Freedom under Political Duress: Israel.” Social Research, 76 (summer, 2009), 541-560, 548

[184] Raanan Har Zahav and Barak Medina, Notes on Higher Education (Jerusalem: Grafit, 1999), 57, 59

[185] Limor Livnat, “End the Academic Cartel,” Haaretz, January 6, 2002 http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/opinion/end-the-academic-cartel-1.79219

[186] Ari Shavit, “Academia Nuts,” Haaretz, February 6, 2003

[187] Volansky, 344-345, 352

[188] Yaacov Bergman, Academic Freedom: True vs. False, October 31, 2003, provided by the author; Martin Trow, Governance in the University of California: the Transformation of Politics into Administration, Higher Education Policy, 1998, 11, 201–215. http://www.nrg.co.il/online/archive/ART/633/221.html ; http://www.haaretz.co.il/misc/1.1337152

[189] http://che.org.il/en/?page_id=4114; David D. Hill, “Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Practices and Issues.” University of

North Carolina, June 2007, http://www.unc.edu/ppaq/docs/Encyclopedia_Final.pdf
Yochanan  Glucker, “It is Not Collegial, Katharis  6,  (2006).   

[190] Itzhak Galnoor, “Academic Freedom Under Political Duress,” Social Research 76 (summer 2009), 549- 550; 541-560

[191] Yair Censor and Ilan Gur Zeev, “The Struggle of the Academic Community for the Future of Israeli Academia: Alternative Assessments of the Activity of the Inter-Senate Committee of the Universities for the Protection of Academic Independence,” in Ilan Gur Zeev, ed. The End of Israeli Academia? ( Haifa: Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, 2005), 93, 95, 98

[192] Amutat BaShaar, March 15, 2004 http://www.bashaar.org.il/files/reportyortner.pdf

[193] Crisis in Higher Education in Israel. The Steinhardt Institute for Higher Education Policy , October 29-30, 2008 http://steinhardt.nyu.edu/scmsAdmin/uploads/002/763/Crisis_in_Higher_Education_in_Israel-1.pdf

[194] Haviv Retig Gur, “Shochat Slams Lecturers for ‘Baseless’ Protest against Reform,” Jerusalem Post, February 21, 2007; Yair Censor “Loss of Academic Freedom,” Haaretz, February 18, 2007

[195] Ehud Zion Valdoks, “Ciechanover: Brain Drain Reminiscent of 1930s Germany,” Jerusalem Post, July 14, 2008

[196] Comptroller General, “Report on the Higher Education System, 2008.” http://www.mevaker.gov.il/serve/contentTree.asp?bookid=540&id=0&contentid=9957&parentcid=9952&bctype=1&sw=1024&hw=530

[197] Iris Agmon, “Thundering but Not Surprising,” Ha’oketz, December 31, 2011; Iris Agmon, “Another Step in the Finance Ministry’s Take-Over of Higher Education,” Forum for the Protection of Higher Education, August 20, 2010 http://www.publiceducation.org.il/2010/08/764 ; http://www.publiceducation.org.il/2009/03/320

[198] Yaacov Bergman, “Rebuttal to the Statement of the Five Rectors, “ June 2009; “BPC Presentation,” December 22, 2009, supplied by author

[199] Lior Detel “After Dragging its Feet for Seven Year- the Hebrew University is Poised to Change its Constitution.” Marker, March 9, 2011; Revital Hovel, “Criticism of the Appointment of Amos Shapira to President of Haifa University,” Haaretz March 1, 2011

[200] Revital Hovel, “Dollars and Sense in Israel Ivory Tower,” Haaretz March 16, 2012

[201] Gur Alroey, Capital and Academy,” Haaretz March 9, 2012

[202] Israel David, “On the Nature of the Current Tension between the University and the Authority,” The Public Sphere, 5 (Fall 2011) 131-148, 139 http://www.public-sphere.com/image/users/102694/ftp/my_files/journal5/%D7%99%D7%A9%D7%A8%D7%90%D7%9C%20%D7%93%D7%95%D7%99%D7%93.pdf?id=9639888

[204] Merav Arlozoroff, “The Declaration of Independence of Students: A Demand to Participate in Management of Universities,” The Marker, June 13, 2010

[205] Lior Detel, “The Next Target of Students: A Reform of the Higher Education,” The Marker March 2, 2012.

[206] Itamar Levin, Law of Budget Overrides Academic Freedom,” News1, November 14, 2012 http://www.news1.co.il/Archive/001-D-314103-00.html

[207] Yehouda Shenhav, “Treason of the Intellectuals? Israeli Sociologists and the Colonial Occupation in the Palestinian Territories” Breaking the Wall II Center of Contemporary Culture, Barcelona, February 2006 http://www.cccb.org/en/publicacio-breaking_the_wall_ii-35098

[208] Uri Ram, The Changing Agenda of Israeli Sociology, Theory, Ideology and Identity ( Albany: University of New York Press, 1995) 148

[209] Barendt 2010, 60-61

[210] Mark Marshall, “Rethinking the Palestine Question: The Apartheid Paradigm,” Journal of Palestine Studies 25 (Summer 1996), 15-22; Uri Davis, Israel: An Apartheid State (London: Zed Books, 1989

[211] Amnon Rubinstein, “Bash Israel (and your brain),” Jerusalem Post, February 23, 2010

[212] Shlomo Sand, The Invention of the Jewish People (London: Verso, 2010), 19

[213] Ilan Pappe, The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine (Oxford: Oneworld, 2006)

[214] Judge Dr. Drora Pilpel, Tel Aviv District Court, Alexandroni Brigade Association vs Teddy Katz, file 1686/00

[215] http://www.psakdin.co.il/News/Article.asp?PDUID=nws_naqv; Ilan Pappe, “The Tantura Case in Israel: The Katz Research and Trial,” Journal of Palestine Studies, 30 (spring, 2001), 19

[216] “Academic Freedom and Academic Responsibility,” Symposium http://www.bashaar.org.il/Data.asp?id=13; Academic Freedom and Academic Responsibility: The Case of Tantura,” Amutat Bshaar, Makom Le’Mahsahva Beshaar, 15, (2001), 18- 26

[217] Haggai Ram Iranophobia: The Logic of an Israeli Obsession, (Stanford University Press: Stanford, California, 2009) 37, 64 , 73-95, 112, 149

[220] Emmanuel Navon, “Mount Scopus or Mount Olympus?” Jerusalem Post, November 15, 2010

[221] Ephraim Yuchtman Yaar, "First of all, Academic Integrity," Haaretz June 29, 2010 (Hebrew)

[222] Ziva Shamir, “Under ‘Academic Freedoms’ the Politicization of Israeli Universities Has Deepened“ New Directions 26 June 2012

[223] Amnon Rubinstein, “Freedom of Academic Speech,” Law and Business 13, 2010, 11-59 (Hebrew)

[225] The Position Paper of the Inter-Senate Committee of the Universities for the Protection of Academic Independence Concerning the Report of the Blue Ribbon “Public Committee for Examining the Organizational Structure of the Institutions of Higher Educations, chaired by Supreme Court (Ret.) Yaacov Maltz of March 20, 2002, 5

[226] Yehoshua Jurtner et.al. The Position of Higher Education and Research Universities in Israel: Warning Signs and Policy Lines. Amutat BaShaar, March 15, 2004 http://www.bashaar.org.il/files/reportyortner.pdf , 52-53 (Hebrew); Avraham Gal, “CHE. The Beginning of a New Era,” Academy 11, 2002 (Hebrew)

[227] Reuven Kaminer, “ The Politics of Protest: The Israeli Peace Movement and the Palestinian Intifada (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1996) 55-57; Rachel Giora, “Millstones In the History of the Israeli BDS- A Brief Chronology,” Israeli Occupation Archives, January 18, 2010;

[229] Neve Gordon, “Don’t Fence Me In,” New Times, January 6, 2003 http://www.unz.org/Pub/InTheseTimes-2003jan06-00023; Noah Pollak, “B’Tselem Witch Trials,” Commentary May 2011; Lev Ginsberg, “Symbolic Genocide, “ La Libre Belgiuqe http://www.ginsburgh.net/textes/Symbolic_Genocide_Grinberg.html; Oren Yiftachel is a board member of B’Tselem.

[230] Noah Pollak, “B’Tselem Witch Trials, “ Commentary May 2011; David Newman, “The Threat to Academic Freedoms in Israel and Palestine,” Tikkun, July/August, 2004

[231] Ofira Seliktar, “Tenured Radicals. From Post- Zionism to Political Activism,” Israel Affairs (2005) 723

[232] Neve Gordon, “ Open Letter to Aviv Kochavi “ Kol Hair, March 23, 2002; http://www.seruv.org.il/MoreArticles/Hebrew/NeveGordon_1.htm ; Lee Kaplan “Tel Aviv Philosophy Professor Promotes Draft Dodging from the IDF http://www.isracampus.org.il/third%20level%20pages/Editorial%20-%20Lee%20Kaplan%20-%20Anat%20Matar.htm; http://www.pchrgaza.org/special/call.htm

[233] Michele Steinberg, “Prof. Francis Boyle: Israel is Committing Genocide in Gaza,” February 3, 2010 http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL1002/S00026.htm; Neve Gordon, “The Caterpillar Effect,” Counterpunch, June 2, 2002; Rachel Giora, “Millstones in the History of the Israeli BDS- A Brief Chronology,” Israeli Occupation Archives, January 18, 2010

[234] Contributor to Ben Gurion University: Fire the Left Wing Lecturer,” Maariv, June 23, 2012; David Newman, “Time to Promote Humanities,” Jerusalem Post, May 13, 2012

[235] Zoe Fox, “TAU Restricts Freedom of Speech,” Jerusalem Post, May 12, 2010

[236] Unlawful Boycott Divestment Sanctions Activities, Lawfare Project http://www.thelawfareproject.org/BDS_Analysis.pdf

[237] “Academic Freedom is Not Academic License.” Jerusalem Post, May 12, 2011

[238] “Full Text of Alan Dershowitz Speech,” Haaretz May 12, 2010; Or Kashti, “TAU Professors Denounce Dershowitz for Speech Against Left,” Haaretz, May 12, 2010 ; Letter of Tel Aviv University Lectures with Regard to the Speech of Alan Dershowitz” Occupation Magazine http://www.kibush.co.il/show_file.asp?num=39842 (Hebrew)

[239] Decision of the Council on Higher Education on Academic Boycott- December 12, 2010 http://che.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/58-493.pdf page 6; http://knesset.gov.il/privatelaw/data/18/3/373_3_2.rtf

[240] Tomer Velmer Ben Gurion University Changes Codes over Political Drama,” Ynet News, December 1, 2011

[241] Ofri Ilani, “Lecturers Say that IDF Officer Who Justified Gaza Strikes Should Not Teach Law.” Haaretz, January 26, 2009

[242] Amnon Rubinstein, “Faculty of the Hard Left,” Jerusalem Post, January 29, 2007

[243] Arnon Soffer, “How I Exposed the Subversive Left”, Haaretz, August 30, 2010 http://www.haaretz.co.il/opinions/1.1218974

[245] Amnon Rubinstein, “Freedom of Academic Speech,” Law and Business 13, 2010, 11-5; http://amnonrubinstein.com/Freedom-of-expression-belongs-to-professors-and-students-alike.html

[246] Haim Harari, “For Freedom and Against Extremism: On Academic Freedoms and Freedom of Expression,” New Directions, 23 (2010), 45-54 (Hebrew).

[247] Matthew Kalman, “Head of Israeli Universities Demand Ouster of Professors Who Support Boycott,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 23, 2010

[248] Chaim Gans, “Profs Against Free Speech,” Haaretz , August 2, 2010; Amnon Rubinstein, Academic Freedom and the Autonomy of Higher Education Beshaar, The Forum for Higher Education, 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EHkndmhDTJ4&feature=bf_prev&list=PLED856A05A1AA80D8

[249] Ilan Evyatar, “How to Make the Next Buber,” Jerusalem Post, November 5, 2011; David Newman, “Bashing the Israeli Left,” Jerusalem Post April 14, 2011; Neve Gordon, The McCarthyist Movement in Israel, videoed lecture http://vimeo.com/35884173 at Tel Aviv University conference http://www.publiceducation.org.il/2012/01/1058

[250] Or Kashi, “Educators Denounce Im Tirtuz’s Demand that Ben Gurion University Halt ‘anti-Zionist bias,” Haaretz August 18,

2010; .Based on a copy of the report forward by Professor Zeev Maoz
The Report of the Committee in Charge of Evaluating the Accreditation Request of the Department of Politics and Government at BGU University, “  obtained through Freedom Information Act by Dr. Yaacov Bergman  https://www.dropbox.com/s/d1xio7jq7q59mj3/De-Shalit_Committee_report_204.pdf       

[251] “Ben Gurion University Department of Politics and Government: Evaluation Report,” September 2011. http://che.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Ben Gurion-Report.pdf

[253] Tamar Trabelsi-Hadad, “Recommendation: Shut Down “Leftist” Department,” YNET, November 23, 1011; Alon Harel "Elitophobes", Hebrew University Law Lecturers Blog (Hebrew) November 7, 2010, http://hebrewu-law.blogspot.co.il/2010/11/blog-post_07.html

[254] Oded Goldreich “On the Quality Evaluation Committees of Malag,” January 4, 2012 http://socialscienceisrael.org/archives/306; http://www.publiceducation.org.il/2012/08/1099; quoted in Arnon Soffer, In the Trap of Radical Faculty (Haikin Chair in Geostrategy, Haifa University, 2011)

[255] Michal Givoni, Witnessing/Testimony,” Mafteakh, 2e, 2011; “Witnessing in Action, Ethics, Politics in a World Without Border,” Roundtable, Center for Research Architecture, December 13, 2008 http://roundtable.kein.org/node/1077

[257] David Newman quoted in Israel Hayom: “I am in favor of applying international pressure — in proper measure — together with a trickle of letters from a number of associations and people with international reputations — some of which will reach the media — in parallel with all the other kinds of pressure that are being applied today to the Council for Higher Education by lawyers and the activity of the president and the Rector. It is not a 100-percent match to the policy that we set until now, but it seems to me that they are under pressure now and we need to keep up the pressure and not let up.” http://www.israelhayom.com/site/newsletter_opinion.php?id=2651

[258] The International Geographical Union, The American Studies Association, The Canadian Sociological Association, The Canadian Political Science Association, ISA, The German Middle East Studies Association, The Israeli-European Policy Network, The Canadian Association of University Teachers, The International Geographical Union’s Commission for Political Geography, American Sociological Association, APSA, The Israeli Anthropological Association, Israeli Africanists, The Israeli Political Science Association, The Association for Israel Studies (AIS), The Association of American Geographers, ECPR, The International Geographical Union’s Commission for Politics, The French Political Science Association, The European Association of Israel Studies (EAIS), MESA, etc.

[259] Zeev Maoz, “Academic Hypocrisy in Action,” Haaretz November 20, 2012; “Professor for Putting out the Fire,” Haaretz, February 29, 2012

[260] “Recommendations of the subcommittee on Quality Evaluation of September 4, 2012 with regard to the Department of Politics and Government at Ben Gurion University- Main Arguments,”

http://academyunderattack.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/bgu-response-to-malag-hebrew.pdf

Yaacov Bergman, “ The Academic Establishment Uses Deception.” Haaretz,  December 23, 2012

[261] http://www.idi.org.il/%D7%9E%D7%9C%D7%92 ; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hi7SvNwRjW0&feature=youtu.be

[262] Moshe Vigdor, “Stop the Attack against the CHE,” Haaretz, October 30, 2012 (Hebrew)

[263] Alon Harel, “Saar tilted the CHE to the Right,” Walla News October 30, 2012 (Hebrew) http://news.walla.co.il/?w=/2952/2580873

[264] The Decision of the Subcommittee on Evaluation,” October 31, 2012; “University Gets Chance to Reform Department,” Israel Hayom, October 31, 2012.

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