Previous postings on Nurit Peled Elhanan (HUJ) indicated that this radical activist has never believed in separation between political agenda and scholarship. Her book on textbooks, based on dubious methodology and specious arguments “proves” that Israeli textbooks are violently biased toward Arabs and Palestinians.
This time around she takes on the issue of incitement - first dealt with by the Tripartite Committee on Incitement created in 1998 to facilitate the peace process. Though the level of incitement by the Palestinians has grown since then, Peled Elhanan gives them a good grade. Indeed, she calls Palestinian incitement a “myth” created by the Israel as a “diversionary tactic.”
Peled Elhanan writes that “a February 2013, a comprehensive report on textbooks in Israel and Palestine entitled “Victims of Our Own Narratives? Portrayal of the ‘Other’ in Israeli and Palestinian School Books", sponsored by the US State Department and independently examined at Yale University, the study looked at 94 Palestinian textbooks and 74 Israeli textbooks published between 2009 and 2011. The results of the study formally exposed the Israeli accusation of one-sided extensive Palestinian incitement myth.“
This is a highly misleading statement. No one, of course, expects Peled Elhanan to provide accurate details as she has served as an effective spokesperson for the PLO for decades. The PLO press release below proves this point. The only problem is that it is the Israeli taxpayer who pays her salary.
State of Palestine
Palestine Liberation Organization
THE MYTH OF PALESTINIAN INCITEMENT:
THREE POINTS TO REMEMBER
“the action of provoking unlawful behavior or urging someone to behave unlawfully.”
1. ISRAELI CLAIMS OF INCITEMENT ARE A DIVERSIONARY TACTIC; IF THEY WERE GENUINE THEN ISRAEL
WOULD HAVE ACCEPTED TO RESUME THE TRIPARTITE COMMITTEE ON INCITEMENT.
NEGOTIATIONS AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT
2. ACADEMIC STUDIES HAVE SHOWN THAT ISRAELI ACCUSATIONS OF INCITEMENT ARE FALSE,
MISLEADING AND/OR EXAGGERATED.
In January 2014, Israeli ambassadors of Rome, London, Madrid and Paris were summoned, as a
result of Israel’s then latest announcement of 1400 new settlement units. Unable to justify settlement
construction, which is a violation of international law, Israeli PM Netanyahu responded as follows:
“The European Union is acting hypocritically…When did the EU call the Palestinian
ambassador to complain about incitement?”
The accusation of incitement is a form of propaganda, which Israeli officials use in order to divert
attention from Israel’s illegal behavior and from the core issues of the negotiations process, as
illustrated by the above example.
Established in 1998, the Tripartite Committee on Incitement, a Palestinian-Israeli-American initiative,
is the agreed forum for the parties to raise and solve issues of incitement from all sides. Palestinian
officials have repeatedly called upon Israel to resume this committee.
On January 20th 2014, the PLO issued its most recent statement calling on Mr. Netanyahu to resume
the committee. “Despite our firm belief that these allegations of Palestinian incitement are nothing
more than diversionary tactics, we hereby call upon the Government of Israel to accept our standing
offer to resume the work of the Tripartite Committee on Incitement.”
In February 2013, a comprehensive report on textbooks in Israel and Palestine was published,
entitled “Victims of Our Own Narratives? Portrayal of the ‘Other’ in Israeli and Palestinian School
Books"(1). Sponsored by the US State Department and independently examined at Yale University, the
study looked at 94 Palestinian textbooks(2) and 74 Israeli textbooks(3) published between 2009 and
2011.The results of the study formally exposed the Israeli accusation of one-sided extensive
Palestinian incitement as a myth.
Where incitement or misleading narratives were found, they were found on both sides. As a result the
report recommended: “that the Israeli and Palestinian Ministries of Education each establish a
committee of Ministry staff and community experts to review current and future books in light of the
(1) ‘Victims of Our Own Narratives? Portrayal of the ‘Other’ in Israeli and Palestinian School Books
(2) Palestinian Authority, UNRWA and religious bodies.
(3) State secular and State religious schools in addition to some schools for ultra-Orthodox students
study findings and prepare a plan of action based upon the review. Additional steps will be necessary
to facilitate similar processes regarding the books of the Israeli Ultra-Orthodox communities.”
The then Palestinian Prime Minister, Salam Fayyad, welcomed the study and instructed the Ministry
of Education to follow up on its recommendations. The Palestinian Ministry of Education cooperated
fully with the study citing its “firm conviction of the significance of the issue and the need to discuss
it on objective and professional bases, rather than preconceived notions and stereotypes."(4)
Israel’s Ministry of Education boycotted the report. During the press conference at which the study
was released, Professor Wexler, who led the independent examining team at Yale University, referred
to the ministry’s statement as “false at every level”. He added that: "The Israeli government would
rather hold on to a propaganda claim [it] know[s] to be false than to get change in Palestinian
‣ Israeli professor Nurit Peled has researched the subject of incitement in Israeli textbooks
extensively. Peled describes what she found as racism that prepares young Israelis for their
compulsory military service. For example, textbook which states that the Palestinian exodus in
1948 following the brutal massacre of Palestinians by Israeli militias at Deir Yassin “solved a
terrifying demographic problem” for Israel. Israeli President Chaim Weizman called it a “miracle”.(6)
‣ Example question and model answer for an Israeli high school civics exam, 11 June 2012
“Question: The wives of rabbis published a letter calling on the daughters of Israel not to hang
around Arabs. There are those who support this letter and those who think it is not appropriate.
Express your opinion about the letter. In your answer, present two reasons and explain using
concepts you learned in Civics.
I support the letter of the rabbis’ wives.
a) If the daughters of Israel hang around Arabs, they are liable to have relationships and marry
them. This would harm the Jewish majority of the state.
b) If the daughters of Israel hang around Arabs, they are liable to fall victims of violence for
nationalistic reasons. This would harm their right to life and security.”(7)
3. IF INCITEMENT IS REALLY THE ISSUE THAT ISRAEL WANTS TO DISCUSS, THEN OFFICIAL ISRAELI
INCITEMENT MUST ALSO BE DISCUSSED.
EXAMPLES OF PROVOKING UNLAWFUL BEHAVIOR:
‣ On Friday 17th January 2014, news came out that Arieh King (Jerusalem Councilman and
founder of the “Israel Land Fund”) has been distributing flyers to Palestinians in Jerusalem,
urging them to leave. “...In the Torah it is also written that the land of Israel, this small land,
belongs to the Jewish people alone and it is forbidden for others to live here in a permanent
manner…Therefore we demand that you leave the land of Israel. We say this from a religious
perspective, in order to ensure peace in the land of Israel.”
INCITEMENT IN EDUCATION- A BY ISRAELI ACADEMICS:
By demanding that Palestinians leave Jerusalem:
(6) Nurit Peled-Elhanan, Palestine in Israeli School Books: Ideology and Propaganda in Education, London and New York, 2012
(7) Alternative News: http://bit.ly/1bi1nNO
By encouraging illegal settlement in the occupied State of Palestine:
‣ “No Jewish town [settlement] will be uprooted. We’ll continue building in our
homeland” [and] “There are no two-states west of the Jordan River and there will be no
two-states” Israeli Minister of Housing Uri Ariel, January 8, 2014.
‣ “That we will never agree to give up Jerusalem, a united city under Israeli sovereignty,
and only Israeli. We will not accept a terrorist Palestinian state, we will not accept an
agreement based on the 67 lines (…) We will not exchange territory as if we were doing
cut-and-paste on some Word document on the computer.” Israeli Minister Naftali
Bennett, January 7 2014.
‣ “Israel will not evacuate Hebron or Bet El as part of any deal” PM Netanyahu referring to
Israeli settlers in the heart of the occupied Palestinian districts of Hebron and Ramallah, January 6 2014.
‣ “It is our duty to encourage continuous Jewish construction in Judea and Samaria [the
occupied West Bank]” – Israeli Minister Naftali Bennett, December 11 2013.
‣ Raids on Al-Aqsa mosque by settlers including Members of Knesset- see press release, March 2013.
The problem of incitement is an issue which is sadly not uncommon in situations of conflict. Where it
genuinely exists, it remains the firm conviction of the State of Palestine that incitement should be an
issue that is addressed seriously by both parties. It should not be used a tool for propaganda
purposes or to divert attention away from other matters.
Several studies by Palestinian, Israeli and international experts have concluded that the issue of
Palestinian incitement is vastly exaggerated, and that incitement exists just as firmly on the Israeli
side. If Israel feels it has genuine concerns about incitement, then PM Netanyahu should not hesitate
to accept the resumption of the Tripartite Committee on Incitement.
The greatest cause for concern for Palestine is that Israeli incitement, defined as the provocation of
unlawful behavior, goes far beyond words in the case of Israel. This is a situation where one people is
engaged in a belligerent and draconian occupation of another, which the Israeli government
constantly attempts to justify to its own people and the rest of the world.
The Israeli government’s ongoing occupation, at the heart of which lies its illegal settlement
enterprise from which it is constantly striving to divert attention, sets a clear example to its people.
This includes, on a daily basis: forcibly evicting people from their homes and land; soldiers harassing
and humiliating parents at checkpoints in front of their children; children being arrested and beaten
by Israeli soldiers; 1.6 million people in Gaza living under a crushing military siege which, according
to the UN, will make the place “unlivable” by 2020; and settlers attacking Palestinian families, their
animals, trees, churches, mosques, houses and other property. An end to the occupation and the
fulfillment of Palestinian rights is the only way to achieve peace and solve any issue of incitement on either side.
Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, January/February 2013, Pages 38-39
New York City and Tri-State News
Nurit Peled-Elhanan and Miko Peled Challenge Zionist Narrative
Authors Miko Peled (l) and Nurit Peled-Elhanan. (Staff photo J. Adas)
Nurit Peled-Elhanan and Miko Peled are a formidable brother/sister team. Their father, Mattiyahu Peled, was an Israeli general who left the military for academia as a scholar of Arabic literature. He became a prominent peace activist, a path his daughter also followed. In 2001, Peled-Elhanan received the EU's Sakharov Prize for Human Rights and Freedom of Speech, and in 2009 was one of the instigators of the Russell Tribunal on Palestine. She is professor of education and language at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and author of Palestine in Israeli School Books: Ideology and Propaganda in Education. Miko Peled left Israel to teach karate and raise a family in California. The death of Elhanan's daughter Smadar, who was killed in a 1997 suicide bombing in Jerusalem, set Peled on his own, more gradual path to fully committed peace activism, which he chronicles in The General's Son: Journey of an Israeli in Palestine (both books are available from the AET Book Club). The two held a public conversation Oct. 8 at Manhattan's All Souls Unitarian Church.
Each author takes a different approach. Peled-Elhanan's is a thoroughly documented study, replete with scholarly apparatus. Peled's is a first-person account of his growing awareness of the consequences for Palestinians of Zionism. Nevertheless, both have the same goal: to expose, challenge and overcome the Zionist national narrative.
Peled related his mother's decision in 1948 to reject the offer of a beautiful Palestinian house at no cost because she could not "move into the home of another mother." Something about this family story bothered Peled. While writing his book, he realized why: because it contradicts the national narrative of "Arabs attacked. We won. They left."
If this were true, he asked, what was the moral issue in accepting the house? But who attacked? At the time, he elaborated, two communities expected to become states. The Zionists had thousands of militias; there was no equivalent on the other side. Arab armies did not get involved until months later. Nobody attacked. Back in his adopted home, Peled joined dialogue groups. He recalled feeling anxious about going to a Palestinian home in San Diego, but in time his new friends patiently and kindly widened his vision. Fear turned to trust and awareness led to action.
Peled-Elhanan examined post-Oslo textbooks used by Israeli high school students, for whom the next step is induction into the army. She found that Palestinians are mostly absent; when they are depicted, it is never PLU (people like us), she said. Rather Palestinians are presented as primitive, poor, even sometimes labeled "foreign workers." They are depicted as a threat, as in a photo of Palestinian boys throwing stones. But, Peled-Elhanan noted, half the photo is missing—the part with an Israeli tank, which would have made the boys look like David facing Goliath. Or they are shown as a problem—a photo of Palestinians in pitiful refugee camps—that poisons Israel's relations with the Arab world.
Peled interjected that because settler children receive a more extreme version of the Zionist narrative, he fears they will become like the Taliban. The "racist discourse" in Israeli textbooks, Peled-Elhanan concluded, "infects students with ideology" and "prepares them for one thing only: to be good soldiers."