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Boycott Calls Against Israel
[BDS] Hearing by House Foreign Affairs Committee "Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State"

28.04.16

Editorial Note

On April 19, 2016 two subcommittees of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs held a joint hearing - the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa. Four experts were invited to testify on "Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State," David Makovsky from The Washington Institute for Near East Policy; Michael Rubin from the American Enterprise Institute; Jonathan Schanzer from the Foundation for Defense of Democracies; Tamara Cofman Wittes from the Brookings Institution. 

The witnesses elaborated on the threats faced by Israel with regard to Iran and overall terrorism. Two witnesses mentioned the BDS movement. Makovsky stated that the BDS movement is not pushing for a two states solution, "Omar Barghoutti, founder of BDS, has said he doesn't want Israel to exist at all... the main group pursuing BDS on American campuses, called Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP), pointedly refuses to accept the idea of two states... we must work to find an approach that creates wide-ranging coalitions on campus, involving Jewish and Muslim groups together. These divisive BDS resolutions rip campus communities apart. Instead, we must strive for practical coexistence. If the BDS movement is not blunted and there is no movement on the ground, along the lines I have suggested, I am concerned that this movement could metastasize beyond college campuses."

Schanzer, who introduced himself as a former analyst of terrorism finance for the U.S. Department of the Treasury, focused on the corporate and fiscal structures of the BDS's major actors in the U.S. He introduced a research conducted by Foundation for Defense of Democracies, on former employees of organizations targeted by the U.S. government for terrorism finance violations. Schnazer revealed that three organizations, the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development; the Islamic Association for Palestine; and KindHearts for Charitable Development, were implicated in financing Hamas between 2001 and 2011: "their former leadership appears to have pivoted to leadership positions within the American BDS campaign."  While some members of the organizations were jailed, deported, or faced trials, many of the high and mid level operatives were left untouched and formed a new Chicago-based organization, American Muslims for Palestine, which is a leader of the BDS campaign in the U.S.

The fact that former employees of organizations that provided support to Hamas now play important roles in a charity based in the U.S., exposes the real agenda of key figures of the Palestinian BDS campaign and makes it an American problem.

IAM shall report on future congressional efforts to fight BDS.



JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE HEARING NOTICE
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
WASHINGTON, DC 20515-6128
Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade
Ted Poe (R- TX), Chairman
Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman
April 12, 2016
TO: MEMBERS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
You are respectfully requested to attend an OPEN hearing of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, to be held
jointly by the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the Subcommittee on the Middle East
and North Africa in Room 2172 of the Rayburn House Office Building (and available live on the Committee
DATE: Tuesday, April 19, 2016
TIME: 1:00 p.m.
SUBJECT: Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State



The House Committee on Foreign Affairs
Joint Subcommittee Hearing: Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State
 2172 Rayburn House Office Building Washington, DC 20515 | Apr 19, 2016 1:00pm to 4:00pm



 Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State

Date: 
Tuesday, April 19, 2016 - 1:00pm
Location: 
2172 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 20515
Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State

Witnesses

Mr. David Makovsky 
Ziegler Distinguished Fellow, Irwin Levy Family Program on the U.S.-Israel Strategic Relationship, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Michael Rubin, Ph.D. 
Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute
Jonathan Schanzer, Ph.D. 
Vice President for Research, Foundation for Defense of Democracies
Tamara Cofman Wittes, Ph.D. 
Director, Center for Middle East Policy, Brookings Institution

Documents


====================================

POLITICS AND DIPLOMACY By JPOST.COM STAFF \ 04/19/2016
WATCH: US Congressional panel holds hearing on BDS movement
The hearing, titled “Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State,” is taking place before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs.
The US Congress was holding a special hearing on Israel on Tuesday, focusing on the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.

The hearing, titled  “Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State,” was taking place before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the subcommittee on Middle East and North Africa.

While visiting Israel earlier this month, US Speaker of the House Paul Ryan addressed the BDS movement in his meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, saying, "“Europe has been engaging in this ridiculous and counterproductive BDS shenanigan...We in the Congress have been very forceful about that. By the way, when you try to boycott, divest and sanction Israel, you’re hurting Palestinians, as well.”
===================================================================




Foundation for Defense of Democracies
Congressional Testimony
Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State
Jonathan Schanzer
Vice President of Research
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
Joint Hearing before House Foreign Affairs Committee
Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and
the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa
Washington, DC
April 19, 2016
1800 M Street NW ● Suite 800, South Tower ● Washington, DC 20036


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
1
Chairman Poe, Chairman Ros-Lehtinen, Ranking Member Keating, Ranking Member Deutch,
and distinguished members of this subcommittee, on behalf of the Foundation for Defense of
Democracies, thank you for the opportunity to testify today.
I was asked to focus my written testimony today on a relatively new, non-kinetic, and less-
understood threat to Israel: the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) campaign. The
campaign’s goal is to wage an economic and cultural war against the State of Israel. As one of
the campaign’s founders said, “Palestinians can develop their ‘Qassams’ [rockets] forever, but
that will never hurt Israel as much as a sustained boycott campaign.”While these activists are
far from achieving their goal, they continue to mount a campaign designed to discourage
business with Israel and to delegitimize it. Their ranks appear to be growing – both on college
campuses and in communities across the country.Much has been written about this issue, but
there has been little scrutiny of the corporate and fiscal structure of the BDS campaign’s major
actors in the United States. I will focus my remarks on one of those major actors today.
Context
Mr. Chairman, Madam Chairman, I had the honor of working as a terrorism finance analyst for
the United States Department of the Treasury from 2004 and 2007. I witnessed firsthand how
Treasury has driven many of the world’s terrorist financiers out of the country. However, after
notching eight terrorist designations of domestic charities over the last 15 years,the pace has
slowed to a crawl. It is unclear whether the U.S. government even monitors the activities of
individuals who previously worked for charities that were designated or were otherwise found
liable for terrorist financing activity.
Members of the Committee, FDD recently conducted research that endeavored to track the
activities of former employees from organizations targeted by the U.S. government for terrorism
finance violations. Our research yielded a surprising and troubling outcome. In the case of three
organizations that were designated, shut down, or held civilly liable for providing material
support to the terrorist organization Hamas, a significant contingent of their former leadership
appears to have pivoted to leadership positions within the American BDS campaign.
The Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development (HLF), the Islamic Association for
Palestine (IAP), and KindHearts for Charitable Development were three organizations implicated
in financing Hamas between 2001 and 2011. While members of the organizations’ leadership
were jailed, deported, or otherwise brought to justice, many high-level and mid-level figures

Silvia Cattori, “Omar Barghouti: ‘No State Has the Right to Exist as a Racist State,’” Voltairenet.org, December 7,
Tia Goldenberg, “Growing BDS Movement Raises Alarm Among Israeli Leaders,” Haaretz (Israel), July 7, 2015.
Holy Land Foundation (2001), Benevolence International Foundation (2002), Global Relief Foundation (2002),
Islamic American Relief Agency (2004), Al-Haramain Islamic Foundation (2004), Goodwill Charitable
Organization (2007), Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (2007), and Tamil Foundation (2009).
U.S. Department of the Treasury, “Designated Charities and Potential Fundraising Front Organizations for FTOs
(listed by affiliation and designation date),” April 5, 2016. (https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/terrorist-illicit-


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
2
remained in the United States. This testimony will show that many of them have gravitated to a
new organization called American Muslims for Palestine (AMP).
AMP is a Chicago-based organization that is a leading driver of the BDS campaign. AMP is
arguably the most important sponsor and organizer for Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP),
which is the most visible arm of the BDS campaign on campuses in the United States. AMP
provides speakers, training, printed materials, a so-called “Apartheid Wall,” and grants to SJP
activists.AMP even has a campus coordinator on staff whose job is to work directly with SJP
and other pro-BDS campus groups across the country.According to an email it sent to
subscribers, AMP spent $100,000 on campus activities in 2014 alone.6
AMP partners with a wide range of BDS organizations,and openly calls for Congress to
embrace BDS.According to available records, AMP is a not-for-profit corporation, but not a
federal,501c3, tax-exempt organization.10 Therefore, AMP does not have to file an IRS 990
form that would make its finances more transparent. AMP instead receives tax-exempt donations
through its fiscal sponsor, the Americans for Justice in Palestine Educational Foundation (AJP),
which is a 501c3.11 AMP and AJP are co-located and share officers,12 yet they remain legally
distinct entities after years of nominal separation.
The corporate structure of AMP is cause for concern, but it pales in comparison to the significant
overlap between AMP and people who worked for or on behalf of organizations that were
designated, dissolved, or held civilly liable by federal authorities for supporting Hamas.

Kristin Szremski, “Campus Activism Resources,” American Muslims for Palestine, September 8, 2014.
resources); “Campus Activism Track,” American Muslims for Palestine, December 1, 2014, accessed via the
Wayback Machine.
“AMP Staff,” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
Email to Subscribers, “Help us make Palestine a household word,” American Muslims for Palestine, December 30,
2014.
Press Release, “Coalition demands Airbnb remove vacation listings from Israeli settlements,” American Muslims
Organizations,” U.S. Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation, accessed April 15, 2016.
“Tell Congress to hold BDS hearing,” American Muslims for Palestine, July 30, 2015.
Illinois Secretary of State Business Services, Corporate Filing, “American Muslims for Palestine Inc.,” File
Number 66688003, accessed April 15, 2016. (http://www.ilsos.gov/corporatellc/CorporateLlcController)
10 Internal Revenue Service, “Exemption Requirements - 501(c)(3) Organizations,” accessed April 15, 2016.
11 “Are donations to AMP tax exempt?” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
12 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “AJP Educational
Foundation Inc.,” 2014, accessed via GuideStar. (http://www.guidestar.org/FinDocuments//2014/271/365/2014-


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
3
The Holy Land Foundation
The U.S. Treasury’s December 2001 designation of the Richardson, Texas-based Holy Land
Foundation was a landmark terrorism finance case in America.13 As the accompanying Treasury
announcement noted, Khaled Meshal, the leader of Hamas, identified HLF officer Mohammed
El-Mezain as Hamas’s leader in the United States.14 From 1995 to 2001, according to U.S.
government estimates, “HLF sent approximately $12.4 million outside of the United States with
the intent to willfully contribute funds, goods, and services to Hamas.”15 In total, seven officials
of the Holy Land Foundation were indicted; two of them fled the country and five were
eventually sent to prison for providing material support to Hamas.16
As it turns out, three individuals from HLF now work for or on behalf of American Muslims for
Palestine:
According to its website, Hossein Khatib is a board member for AMP.17 He was previously a
Holy Land Foundation regional director.18 Jamal Said, who was the 2014, 2015, and 2016 keynote speaker at AMP fundraisers,19 raised money for HLF as the director of the Mosque Foundation, a 501c3 organization that donated money to the HLF.20 Said is still the director of the Mosque Foundation, which is a sponsor of
AMP.21 Said was never charged with any crime, but rather was named by the prosecutors as an
unindicted co-conspirator in the Holy Land Foundation trial.22

13 U.S. Department of the Treasury, “Protecting Charitable Organizations - E,” accessed April 15, 2016.
14 U.S. Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Freezes Assets of Organization Tied to Hamas,”
15 United States of America v. Mohammad El-Mezain, et al., Appeal, 09-10560 (Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit,
16 U.S. Department of Justice, Press Release, “Federal Judge Hands Downs Sentences in Holy Land Foundation
17 “AMP National Board,” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
18 “Hussein Khatib,” LinkedIn, accessed January 12, 2015.
19 AMP-Chicago, “AMP Annual Fundraising Dinner,” Facebook, March 19, 2014.
r); AMP-Chicago, “AMP Fundraising Dinner,” Facebook, April 18, 2015.
(https://www.facebook.com/events/1568230430114028/); AMP-Chicago, “AMP Fundraising Dinner,” Facebook,
20 Joel Mowbray, “Reign of the Radicals,” The Wall Street Journal, January 27, 2006.
21 Conference Program, “Thank You To Our Sponsors,” American Muslims for Palestine, 2015, page 6.
22 Andrea Elliott, “White House Quietly Courts Muslims in US,” The New York Times, April 18, 2010.


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
4
Salah Sarsour is an AMP board member.23 A 2001 FBI memo to the U.S. Treasury’s Office of
Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) describes how Sarsour’s brother, after being arrested by Israel in
1998, told Israeli officials about Sarsour’s “involvement with Hamas and fundraising activities
of HLFRD [Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development].”24
At AMP’s 2015 conference, Sarsour was identified as the conference chairman.25 On the
advertising and sponsorship page for the conference, non-profits that wish to donate to or
advertise with AMP are instructed to contact Sarsour.26 Sarsour told Al-Jazeera “that the
conference aims to keep up with and support the Palestinian people’s continuous intifada.”27
Sarsour’s past is cause for concern. According to Israeli sources cited in a book by former FBI
and U.S. Treasury official Matthew Levitt, Sarsour’s brother, Jamil Sarsour, told Israeli
authorities that he and Salah used their Milwaukee furniture store’s bank account to pass money
to Adel Awadallah,28 who was then a leader of the Qassam Brigades, Hamas’s armed wing.29
According to Jamil, Salah Sarsour and Awadallah had become friends while sharing a prison
cell.30 Salah Sarsour spent eight months in jail in Israel for his Hamas activity.31
By way of background, Hamas politburo figure Mousa Abu Marzook gave HLF $210,000 in
startup funds.32 According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Marzook tapped “HLF as the

23 “AMP National Board,” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
24 FBI Memo to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, “Holy Land Foundation For Relief And Development
International Emergency Economic Powers Act,” November 1, 2001.
25 Email to Subscribers, “A letter from AMP Conference Chairman Salah Sarsour,” American Muslims for Palestine,
December 1, 2014.
26 “Sponsor the Conference,” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
27 Abdul Jaleel Al-Bukhari, “لﺑﻘﺗﺳﻣﻟاو رﺿﺎﺣﻟا لﺋﺎﺳﯾ ﺎﮐرﯾﻣﺄﺑ نﯾطﺳﻟﻓ رﻣﺗؤﻣ (Palestine Conference in the United States
Explores the Present and the Future),” Al Jazeera (Qatar), November 30, 2015.
28 Matthew Levitt, Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad, (New Haven, CT: Yale
University Press, 2006), page 78.
29 Barbara Demick, “Israeli Security Force Kills Two Top Hamas Terrorists,” The Philadelphia Inquirer, September
30 Matthew Levitt, Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad, (New Haven, CT: Yale
University Press, 2006), page 78. See also: Laurie Cohen and Kim Barker, “Target of Hamas fundraising probe here
charged in Wisconsin,” Chicago Tribune, January 07, 2003. (http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2003-01-
31 “Profile: American Muslims for Palestine,” Anti-Defamation League, 2013. (http://www.adl.org/assets/pdf/israel-
32 Eric Lichtblau and Judith Miller, “Threats and Responses: The Money Trail; 5 Brothers Charged With Aiding
Hamas,” The New York Times, December 19, 2002. (http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/19/us/threats-and-responses-


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
5
primary fund-raising entity for HAMAS [sic] in the United States.”33 The U.S. Treasury
designated Marzook as a terrorist in 1995, and deported him in 1997.34
The Islamic Association for Palestine
The Islamic Association for Palestine (IAP) is another organization that raised money and
provided material support for Hamas in America. Like HLF, IAP was founded with money from
Abu Marzook.35 In 2004, the organization was found civilly liable in a federal district court for
supporting Hamas.36 The defendants appealed, but a federal appeals court upheld the judgment in
2008.37 IAP disbanded in 2010.38 According to evidence presented at the HLF trial, “numerous
donation checks … made payable to … IAP” were “deposited into HLF’s bank account,” in
some cases with the memo line, “for Palestinian Mujahideen [holy warriors] only.”39
FDD research again found significant overlap between employees from this Hamas-supporting
organization and the American Muslims for Palestine network.
Rafeeq Jaber is the former president of IAP.40 AMP’s tax-exempt arm, the AJP Educational
Foundation, listed him as its tax preparer in their most recent public filing.41 Jaber’s official role
with AMP is unclear: he appears on their 2010 through 2014 IRS forms as their tax preparer,42
but he does not appear on AMP’s website. He has been identified in the Palestinian press as the
“spiritual father” of AMP’s coalitions with other Muslim-American organizations,43 and he

33 U.S. Department of the Treasury, “Protecting Charitable Organizations - E,” accessed August 21, 2007.
34 “Hamas out of Syria, Marzook says,” Associated Press, February 27, 2012.
35 United States District Court Northern District of Texas, USA v. Holy Land Foundation for Relief and
Development, “Payments from Marzook to the Islamic Association for Palestine,” (Northern District of Texas,
September 29, 2008), accessed April 15, 2016. (http://coop.txnd.uscourts.gov/judges/hlf2/09-29-
36 Laurie Cohen, “3 Islamic fundraisers held liable in terror death,” Chicago Tribune, November 11, 2004.
37 “Anti-Terrorism Judgment Upheld Against U.S. Charities,” Anti-Defamation League, December 18 2008.
38 Texas Secretary of State, Corporate Filing, “Islamic Association for Palestine,” Tax ID 30116732022, accessed
39 United States of America v. Mohammad El-Mezain, et al., Appeal, 09-10560 (Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit,
40 “IAP Contact Information,” Islamic Association for Palestine, April 7, 2003, accessed via Wayback Machine.
41 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “AJP Educational
Foundation Inc.,” 2014, accessed via GuideStar. (http://www.guidestar.org/FinDocuments//2014/271/365/2014-
42 For the most recent, see: Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax,
“AJP Educational Foundation Inc.,” 2014, accessed via GuideStar.
43 “ةزﻐﻟ ةرﺻﻧ ﺔﯾﮐﯾرﻣﻷا ندﻣﻟا عراوﺷ ﻲﻓ فﻻﻵا تﺎﺋﻣ (Hundreds of Thousands in the Streets of American Cities in Support of
Gaza),” Ma’an News Agency (Palestinian Territories), August 11, 2014.


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
6
signed a September 2015 petition as a representative of AMP.44 His financial services business is
currently listed at the same office building where IAP was located before it was shut down.45
There is also Abdelbasset Hamayel, who served as IAP’s secretary general.46 Today, he is
AMP’s registered agent in Chicago.47 Interestingly, he is not listed as an officer or executive on
AMP’s tax forms or website. His name, however, appears on the AJP Educational Foundation’s
IRS 990 form as the person “who possesses the organization’s books and records.”48 Hamayel
signed a September 2015 petition as the “Director of American Muslims for Palestine,
Chicago.”49 Similarly, one AMP Facebook post labels Hamayel as the group’s “Executive
Director.”50
Sufian Nabhan is another AMP board member.51 He was IAP’s former Michigan representative.52
Osama Abuirshaid is identified by AMP as its “National Coordinator”53 or “National Policy
Director.”54 In August 2015, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services issued an
initial determination that Abuirshaid was “ineligible for naturalization” because he failed to
properly disclose his IAP past.55 Abuirshaid was the editor of IAP’s newspaper, Al Zaytounah.56
Today, he runs a newspaper called Al-Meezan that includes articles praising Hamas.57

44 “Petition to ISNA Leadership to do more for Syria,” Change.org, September 3, 2015.
45 “Jaber Financial Services,” Cortera, accessed April 15, 2016.
Islamic Association for Palestine, April 7, 2003, accessed via Wayback Machine.
46 “IAP Contact Information,” Islamic Association for Palestine, April 7, 2003, accessed via Wayback Machine.
47 Illinois Secretary of State Business Services, Corporate Filing, “American Muslims for Palestine Inc.,” File
Number 66688003, accessed April 10, 2016. (http://www.ilsos.gov/corporatellc/CorporateLlcController)
48 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “AJP Educational
Foundation Inc.,” 2014, accessed via GuideStar. (http://www.guidestar.org/FinDocuments//2014/271/365/2014-
49 “Petition to ISNA Leadership to do more for Syria,” Change.org, September 3, 2015.
50 AMP-Chicago, Facebook, August 29, 2014.
51 “AMP National Board,” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
52 “IAP Contact Information,” Islamic Association for Palestine, April 7, 2003, accessed via Wayback Machine.
53 Press Release, “Latest bus ad causes stir in DC,” American Muslims for Palestine, February 24, 2015.
54 Press Release, “AMP condemns attack on Al Aqsa; youth,” American Muslims for Palestine, September 16, 2015.
55 Abuirshaid v. Johnson et al, No. 1:2015cv01113 (Virginia Eastern District Court, August 31, 2015).


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
7
KindHearts
Before it was shut down, IAP raised money for another organization called KindHearts for
Charitable Development.58 Founded in 2002, KindHearts was based in Toledo, Ohio. In 2006,
the Treasury Department used a mechanism known as a Block Pending Investigation (BPI) to
freeze the assets of KindHearts, stating that the organization was the “progeny” of HLF, and that
it provided “support for terrorism behind the façade of charitable giving.”59 In 2011, after a
lengthy battle with the U.S. government over the legality of the BPI, KindHearts agreed to
disband and its assets were redistributed to other organizations.60
Legal challenges notwithstanding, Treasury stated that “KindHearts officials and fundraisers
have coordinated with Hamas leaders and made contributions to Hamas-affiliated organizations.”
Treasury further asserted that “KindHearts deposited the funds into the same account used by
HLF when it was providing funds” overseas.61 KindHearts also paid IAP more than $77,000 to
do its fundraising and other activities, according to the group’s 2003 IRS 990 forms.62
KindHearts’s president was Khaled Smaili, a former official of the Global Relief Foundation
(GRF).63 GRF was officially registered as a charity in Palos Hills, Illinois. In 2002, Treasury
designated GRF as a “Specially Designated Global Terrorist” for funding al-Qaeda.64
Several sources point to former IAP Secretary General Abdelbasset Hamayel as having also
served as KindHearts’ Illinois representative.65 For example, one graphic design firm posted

56 “Profile: American Muslims for Palestine,” Anti-Defamation League, 2003. (http://www.adl.org/assets/pdf/israel-
57 “مظﻧﻣ يرﮐﺳﻋ ضﯾﺟ ﯽﻟإ ﺔﻌﺿاوﺗﻣ ﺔﯾﻗدﻧﺑ نﻣ ..مﺎﺳﻘﻟا بﺋﺎﺗﮐ (Qassam Brigades: From Humble Rifle to Organized Army),” Al-
Meezan News, May 1, 2015, page 10. (http://almeezannews.com/PDFs/almeezanPDF_248.pdf); “ وﺑأ يرﮐﺷ ذﺎﺗﺳﻸﻟ ﺔﻧودﻣ
تﻧﺗرﻧﻹا ﯽﻟﻋرﮐﺑ (Mr. Shukri’s Bakr’s Blog on the Internet),” Al-Meezan News, May 1, 2015, page 2.
58 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “KindHearts for
Charitable Development, Inc.,” 2003, accessed via The Foundation Center.
59 U.S. Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Freezes Assets of Organization Tied to Hamas,”
60 “Settlement Agreement,” American Civil Liberties Union, November 2011.
61 U.S. Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Freezes Assets of Organization Tied to Hamas,”
62 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “KindHearts for
Charitable Development, Inc.,” 2003, accessed via The Foundation Center.
63 U.S. Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Freezes Assets of Organization Tied to Hamas,”
64 U.S Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Department Statement Regarding the Designation of
the Global Relief Foundation,” October 18, 2002. (https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-
65 Steven Emerson, “Money Laundering and Terror Financing Issues in the Middle East,” Testimony before the
Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, July 13, 2005.


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
8
Hamayel’s business card on its website, identifying him as KindHeart’s “Illinois and Wisconsin
Representative.”66 Additionally, a KindHeart’s poster for a 2004 fundraiser lists Abaset@Kind-
Hearts.org as the point of contact.67 As noted above, Hamayel is currently listed on AMP’s
website as the group’s registered agent,68 and he is listed on AJP’s 990 forms as the person “who
possesses the organization’s books and records.”69
AMP Donors with a Troubled Past
In short, at least seven individuals who work for or on behalf of AMP have worked for or on
behalf of organizations previously shut down or held civilly liable in the United States for
providing financial support to Hamas: the Holy Land Foundation, the Islamic Association for
Palestine, and KindHearts.
AMP states that it was founded in 2005. They were, in their words, “a strictly volunteer
organization” until 2008, when they opened their national headquarters in Palos Hills, Illinois.70
Their mission statement does not include raising money for causes abroad, and we have seen no
evidence of illicit activity. Its mission, however, is troubling. A recent photo from their
headquarters features an Arabic-language poster that includes the phrase, “No Jew will live
among them in Jerusalem.”71 It is also troubling that at their 2014 annual conference, AMP
invited participants to “navigate the fine line between legal activism and material support for
terrorism.”72 That invitation is troubling because it appears that some of AMP’s officers and
donors came from organizations that have failed to navigate that “fine line” in the past.
One business that supports AMP is Middle East Financial Services (MEFS). The company has
offices in Palos Hills, Illinois and in Dearborn, Michigan, and several affiliates abroad.73 MEFS

66 “KindHearts Business Cards with Names,” Sakkal Design Graphic Design and Illustrations, accessed April 15,
67 Flier, “Annual Fund Raising Dinner for Palestine & KindHearts’ Annual Contest,” KindHearts Charitable
Humanitarian Development, April 23, 2005, accessed via WayBack Machine.
68 Illinois Secretary of State Business Services, Corporate Filing, “American Muslims for Palestine, Inc.,” File
Number 66688003, accessed April 15, 2016. (http://www.ilsos.gov/corporatellc/CorporateLlcController)
69 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “AJP Educational
Foundation Inc.,” 2014, accessed via GuideStar. (http://www.guidestar.org/FinDocuments//2014/271/365/2014-
70 “When was AMP formed?” American Muslims for Palestine, accessed April 15, 2016.
71 The poster is the text of a document called “Umar’s Assurance,” issued when the Muslims conquered Jerusalem
during the Arab-Byzantine wars in 637 AD. AMP-Chicago, Facebook, May 3, 2015.
72 Shane Harris, “Pro-Palestinian Group Lectured on Skirting Terror Laws,” The Daily Beast, December 5, 2014.
73 “Countries,” Middle East Financial Services, accessed April 15, 2016. (http://mefs.us/)


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April 19, 2016
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9
was a “bronze sponsor” to the AMP convention in 2014 and advertised at their 2015 conference.74
MEFS itself has never been charged with being complicit in terrorism financing, and we have no
evidence that it has been, but its services have been used by some who have. MEFS was used in
2002 to wire money to Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), which the State Department designated as
a terrorist group in 1997. Salah Daoud, a former MEFS employee and IAP board member,
testified in court in 2005 about how one of IAP’s volunteers, Hatem Fariz, used MEFS over
several months to send approximately $60,000 to PIJ.75 Fariz was sentenced to 37 months in a
U.S. prison for “conspiracy to make or receive contributions of funds, goods, or services to or for
the benefit of a Specially Designated Terrorist.”76 Daoud, who testified in exchange for
immunity, was never charged with a crime.77
Another interesting supporter of AMP is Prime Furniture Wholesale in Milwaukee.78 This store
is owned by AMP board member Salah Sarsour,79 who, as noted above, reportedly used the bank
account of his family’s furniture store in the 1990s to send money to Qassam Brigades
commander Adel Awadallah.80
Finally, there is the Zakat Foundation. The Foundation’s executive director is Khalil Demir.81
Demir signed the IRS 990 forms82 for a group Treasury designated in 2002 for funding al-Qaeda:
Benevolence International Foundation (BIF).83 The Zakat Foundation was a “platinum sponsor”


74 Conference Program, American Muslims for Palestine, 2014, page 29; Conference Program, American Muslims
for Palestine, 2015, page 6.
75 “Witness says Al-Arian co-defendant sent $60,000 to the Middle East,” Associated Press, June 30, 2005.
middle/article_9533c078-b9c2-522e-9d6e-48fd41be15c3.html)United States v. Sami Amin Al-Arian et al.,
Transcript of Proceedings, 8:03-CR-77-T-30TBM, (Middle District of Florida Tampa Division, June 29, 2005).
76 Meg Laughlin, “Al-Arian associate gets prison,” Tampa Bay Times, July 26, 2006.
77 “Witness says Al-Arian co-defendant sent $60,000 to the Middle East,” Associated Press, June
78 Conference Program, American Muslims for Palestine, 2014, page 29; Conference Program, American Muslims
for Palestine, 2015, page 38.
79 Wisconsin Department of Financial Institutions, Corporate Filing, “Prime Furniture Wholesale, LLC,” accessed
April 15, 2016.
80 Matthew Levitt, Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad, (New Haven, CT: Yale
University Press, 2006), page 78.
81 “Our Team,” Zakat Foundation of America, accessed April 15, 2016. (http://www.zakat.org/about/our-team/)
82 Internal Revenue Service, Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, “Benevolence
International Foundation,” 2001, accessed via GuideStar.
in care of Halil I. Demir.”
83 U.S. Department of the Treasury, Press Release, “Treasury Designates Benevolence International Foundation and
Related Entities as Financiers of Terrorism,” November 19, 2002. (http://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-


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April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
10
of AMP’s 2014 and 2015 conferences, and was acknowledged for this in the conference
programs.84
The BDS Campaign in Chicago, the PLO, and the PFLP
Members of the Committee, the network described here prompted our research team to identify
other organizations that engage in BDS activity in the Chicago area. We soon discovered an
additional organization that does not appear to be registered at the federal or state level.
This group has been alternately described as “The U.S. Coalition to Boycott Israel”85 and the
“Chicago Coalition for Justice in Palestine.”86 The group’s president is Chicago resident Ghassan
Barakat,87 a consular notary for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)88 who has been
identified by the Palestinian Expatriates Affairs Department website as a member of the
Palestine National Council (PNC).89 The group’s “coordinator” is Senan Shaqdeh.90 A profile
published by the PLO’s Expatriates Affairs Department states that Shaqdeh was a “fighter in the
ranks of the mountain brigade” for the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine,91 which is a
PLO faction that the U.S. designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) in 1997.92
Shaqdeh also claims to be a founder of Students for Justice in Palestine93 – the U.S. campus-
based network that receives guidance and financial assistance from AMP.
In a PLO YouTube video, Shaqdeh said that he travelled to Ramallah in September 2014 to meet
with President Mahmoud Abbas and Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah about BDS activity in

84 Conference Program, American Muslims for Palestine, 2014, page 29; Conference Program, American Muslims
for Palestine, 2015, page 6.
(United States: Palestinian American Council Commemorates Land Day in Louisiana),” April 10, 2015.
86 “Gun toting Zionist arrested at Chicago pro-Israel protest,” FightBack! News, July 24, 2014.
(United States: Palestinian American Council Commemorates Land Day in Louisiana),” April 10, 2015.
88 PLO Delegation to the United States, “Designated Notary,” accessed April 15, 2016.
(United States: Palestinian American Council Commemorates Land Day in Louisiana),” April 10, 2015.
90 “Senan Shaqdeh,” Facebook, accessed April 15, 2016. (https://www.facebook.com/senans?fref=ts)
91 Palestine Department of Expatriates Affairs, “لﯾﺋارﺳإ عرﺎﻘﯾ يذﻟا ﻲﺳﺑﯾﺑﻟا ﻊﺋﺎﺑ ... ﺢﯾدﻘﺷ نﺎﻧﺳ (Senan Shaqdeh: The Pepsi
92 U.S. Department of State, “Foreign Terrorist Organizations,” accessed April 15, 2016.
93 Palestine Department of Expatriates Affairs, “لﯾﺋارﺳإ عرﺎﻘﯾ يذﻟا ﻲﺳﺑﯾﺑﻟا ﻊﺋﺎﺑ ... ﺢﯾدﻘﺷ نﺎﻧﺳ (Senan Shaqdeh: The Pepsi


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
11
America.94 Shaqdeh’s access to the highest echelons of the Palestinian government, his PFLP
past, and his connections to the AMP network may be worthy of further scrutiny.
Recommendations and Conclusion
In conclusion, AMP’s BDS campaign may be a headache for Israel, but the fact that it is based in
the United States makes it an American issue. The overlap of former employees of organizations
that provided support to Hamas who now play important roles in AMP speaks volumes about the
real agenda of key components of the BDS campaign.
Mr. Chairman, Madam Chairman, and distinguished members of the committee, there are many
aspects of FDD’s analysis of this network that I did not address in my testimony. I would be
pleased to answer any questions.
In the meantime, I recommend Congress legislate a disclosure process for charity employees and
board members previously implicated in terror finance. Unlike some of its European
counterparts, the IRS pays scant attention to the prior histories of Section 501 entities and their
officers or directors. Nonprofit entities should be required to fully disclose in their IRS form 990
and 1023 the roles of its leadership (board members and executives) in organizations that earned
Treasury designations, Treasury actions like Block Pending Investigations (BPI), federal anti-
terrorism actions, or litigation in which their organization was found liable for material support
for terrorism. These records should be evaluated by the IRS and/or at the state level before
nonprofit entities gain initial nonprofit status or continued status as a nonprofit. Failure to
disclose this information should result in significant penalties.
I should emphasize here that it is not my place to say where Americans should direct their
charitable giving, or what anti-Israel activists may say or do. What I have provided today is
simply a network analysis. Americans have a right to know who is behind the BDS campaign.
And so do those members of the BDS campaign who may not fully understand its history.
On behalf of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, thank you again for inviting me to
testify.

94 Palestine Department of Expatriates Affairs, “ ةدﺣﺗﻣﻟا تﺎﯾﻻوﻟا ﻲﻓ لﯾﺋارﺳا ﺔﻌطﺎﻘﻣ تﺎﻣظﻧﻣ فﻟﺎﺣﺗ قﺳﻧﻣ ﺢﯾدﻘﺷ نﺎﻧﺳ روﺗﮐدﻟا ﻊﻣ ءﺎﻘﻟ
ﺔﯾﮐﯾرﻣﻷا (Meeting with Dr. Sinan Shaqdeh, Coordinator of the Coalition to Boycott Israel in the USA),” YouTube,


Jonathan Schanzer
April 19, 2016
Foundation for Defense of Democracies
12
=============================================================================


Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs
Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State
David Makovsky
Ziegler Distinguished Fellow and Director, Project on the Middle East Peace Process
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
April 19th, 2016

(Last part of Makovsky's speech)
There is also the issue of the Boycott Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement. Sadly, the
BDS movement is importing the politics of confrontation from the Middle East, rather than
exporting the politics of pluralism and dialogue, which are the hallmarks of American society.
As someone who has made scores of visits to American campuses since 2008, I am troubled by
this movement for a variety of reasons. First, it puts the onus for the impasse entirely on Israel.
As someone who was in the US Government, I can say this is definitely not accurate. On all
three final status attempts, Israel has been willing to yield the land in question, if they know the
deal will make them more secure, not more vulnerable. Second, there is the false perception that
BDS is about using financial leverage to achieve an equitable two state solution. Omar
Barghoutti, founder of BDS, has said he doesn't want Israel to exist at all. I continue to be
troubled that the main group pursuing BDS on American campuses, called Students for Justice in
Palestine (SJP), pointedly refuses to accept the idea of two states. I challenge SJP to disavow this
policy and accept the principle of two states. Third, we must work to find an approach that
creates wide-ranging coalitions on campus, involving Jewish and Muslim groups together. These
divisive BDS resolutions rip campus communities apart. Instead, we must strive for practical
coexistence. If the BDS movement is not blunted and there is no movement on the ground,
along the lines I have suggested, I am concerned that this movement could metastasize beyond
college campuses.
In conclusion, there are definite challenges, but there are also opportunities amid the crises. The
dynamism of the US-Israel relationship will be tested by how our countries work together to
meet these new challenges and in so doing, take our relationship to the next level.





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